stop bleeding

  • Bleeding, Cuts, and Scrapes

    We talk about Severe Bleeding, and the National Stop the Bleed initiative... but minor cuts and scrapes? Those need first aid, too.

    When to Call 9-1-1 or the Local Emergency Number

    • Bleeding that cannot be stopped
    • Wounds that show muscle or bone
    • Large or deeply embedded objects in the wound
    • Skin or body parts that have been partially or completely torn away
    • Any time you are concerned that the risk is beyond your capabilities of assistance and care


    When to call your healthcare provider or, if unavailable, seek immediate medical attention:

    • Large wounds
    • Human or animal bites
    • Any wound on the face
    • Wounds that involve joints, are deep or involve hands and feet


       ~   What to do:

       ~   CHECK the scene and the person. (Always make sure the area is safe for you as a rescuer before attempting to provide care.)

       ~   Get permission to give care if the injured person is a conscious adult.

       ~   Cover the wound with a sterile dressing and apply direct pressure. Avoid touching blood or body fluids; wear disposable gloves or use a barrier.

       ~   Cover dressing with a bandage or wrap and maintain pressure until bleeding stops.

       ~   Wash hands immediately after giving care even if you used gloves.


    ...If bleeding does not stop –

    • Apply additional dressings and bandage and maintain pressure. Do NOT remove any bandages that may have adhered to the wound, as this could interfere with the clotting process and reopen areas of the wound that have begun healing.)
    • Call or have someone else CALL 9-1-1 or the local emergency number.
    • Care for shock. See First Aid Skills: Treating Shock


    Minor Wound Care

    Bleeding_ApplyPressure   ~   What to do:

    • CHECK the scene and the person. (Always make sure the area is safe for you as a rescuer before attempting to provide care.)
    • Get permission to give care if the injured person is a conscious adult.
    • Using a barrier, apply pressure to control bleeding.
    • Wash the wound with soap and water. Rinse for about 5 minutes with clean running water.  (Do not use hydrogen peroxide or isopropyl (rubbing) alcohol in an open wound.)
    • Apply an antibiotic ointment if the person has no known allergies or sensitives to the medication.
    • Cover the wound with a sterile dressing and bandage.


    Learn more - read Clean, Treat, Protect: First Aid for cuts and scrapes

  • Trauma Intervention Program

    We talk a lot about Crises, such as Active Shooter Events and what you can do through projects like the Stop the Bleed Campaign  and of course, CERT. As CERT Board of Directors, we can tell you the an essential program, which often interacts with local CERT Teams is the Trauma Intervention Program.

    TIP is a volunteer organization that has been serving citizens for 30 years. The Trauma Intervention Program gets called on scene by the first responders to be with someone who is going through a traumatic event. TIP provides emotional and practical support, within the first few hours. EFA (emotional first aid) skills are a core element of the TIP programs. These are skills that can benefit everybody whether you are a TIP member or not. These skills are essential, as we do not want to cause further harm, either with words or actions.

    TIP is a non-profit volunteer-based program developed to provide support and assistance to those traumatically affected in emergency situations.

    When a trauma occurs, partnering agencies such as law enforcement, fire, and hospital personnel request a TIP volunteer to be with survivors to provide much needed emotional and practical support immediately following the crisis. TIP works closely with partnering agencies to provide a different dynamic to the emergency response system to meet the emotional needs of surviving victims.

    Who are TIP volunteers?

    TIP volunteers are specially trained citizens of all ages (16+) and backgrounds who understand the benefit and need of having a compassionate person alongside them following a trauma. Many of our volunteers have personally been through a traumatic event and know in a singular way the benefit of how immediate emotional support can significantly impact the healing process in a positive way.

    What do TIP volunteers do?

    When arriving at a scene, TIP volunteers:

    • Provide a calming, supportive, compassionate presence.
    • Serve as an advocate and liaison between victims and emergency personnel.
    • Protect the victim from further emotional trauma.
    • Respectfully answer questions and discuss available options.
    • Assist victim with contacting family and other support in their support system.
    • Offer resources for the victim to refer to.

    When is TIP called?

    Since trauma and tragedy can happen at any time, TIP volunteers are available 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, 365 days a year. TIP volunteers are requested by authorized emergency responders to assist in tragedies such as:

    • Natural or unexpected deaths (suicides, sudden infant deaths (SIDS), drowning, etc.).
    • Crimes including sexual assault, robbery, and domestic violence.
    • Emergency scenes including vehicle accidents, house fires, and community disasters.
    • When assisting individuals who are distraught and seeking immediate support.

    How is TIP funded?

    TIP is a non-profit tax-exempt 501(c)(3) organization that offers services at no charge to victims and families in crisis. TIP is funded through partnering agencies, such as Law Enforcement and Fire Departments, who contribute an annual assessment fee to receive TIP crisis intervention services for their residents. Funds are also made possible through individual donations, corporate donors and fund raising efforts.

    Why TIP?

    Following a tragic event, individuals involved suffer emotional trauma. Victims often suffer from confusion, fear, extreme sadness, denial, and an inability to think. Often there is no one available in the immediate aftermath of a tragedy to guide victims through these difficult hours. TIP volunteers are there to assist during this critical and desperate time.  The emotional support offered by TIP volunteers provides a buffer to extreme distress and TIP provides the necessary immediate support until other persons are able to depend on family and friends.


    Learn more about TIP through your local Trauma Intervention Program:

    TIP Affiliates

    TIP of Arizona, Inc. (928) 443-2217
    TIP of Corona, Inc. (951) 736-2373
    TIP of Foothill/Sierra Mountain Inc. (559) 279-9674
    TIP of SW Riverside County, Inc. (951) 698-2453
    TIP of Orange County (714) 314-0744
    TIP of San Diego County Inc. (855) 847-7343
    TIP of Yuba-Sutter Inc. (530) 673-9300
    TIP of N. W. Florida, Inc. (850) 934-6654
    TIP of The Treasure Valley (208) 391-3972
    TIP of Portland, ME (207) 553-9311
    TIP of Merrimack Valley, Inc. (978) 975-8471
    North Carolina
    TIP of Western North Carolina (828) 513-0498
    TIP of Northern Nevada, Inc. (775) 337-2112
    TIP of Southern Nevada (702) 229-0426
    TIP of Portland/Vancouver, Inc. (503) 823-3937
  • Gun Sales Boom after Shooter Scares

    An Oxymoron? Perhaps.

    Nevertheless, after the ready availability of firearms making several recent active shooting tragedies possible, person gun sales have risen drastically as Americans arm up for protection.

    Surviving an active shooter event.

    Active Shooter

    Active Shooter: What You Can Do

    Building National Resilience through Bystander Action

    According to Colorado Public Radio (Colorado being a well known locale of tragic shootings) -

    Discounts And Fear Drive Near-Record Black Friday Gun Sales and with the recent California events, gun sales across the nation are up - as far as 30% in some locations. Even before the news-rattling San Bernardino shooting, gun permits we way up - from October to November the permits for guns have increased by nearly 17,000 in California alone, according to ABC.


  • Stop the Bleed Campaign

    This afternoon (1:00 Eastern) First Aid Mart will proudly be participating in the Public Announcement of the Bystander “Stop the Bleed” initiative at the White House.

    The ”Stop the Bleed” objectives:

    • The general public will know the phrase and associated logo: “Stop the Bleed
    • The general public will be able to have access to lifesaving bleeding control kits at home and in public places.
    • Every bleeding control kit will provide “just in time” audio and visual training


    The purpose of this signature event is to celebrate actions by federal and private sector partners to create meaningful and lasting impact in support of bystanders as immediate responders in stopping life threatening bleeding.

    While the program endeavors to involve any bystander, trained in bleeding control or not, it never hurts to learn a little. Here are some helpful articles to get you started:

  • Active Shooter

    We've talked about what you can do in the event of an Active Shooter event, but what about after? There will be wounded. Perhaps seriously wounded. Do you know what to do?

    Triage, CPR, Bleeding Control. These are the first things to consider after the threat is over and while awaiting EMS. Bystander intervention will make the difference between life and death.

    After the recent deadly shooting at Umpqua Community College in Oregon, know this is a real and present danger. This has been a growing concern for both Medical Organizations and the Government (as we discussed in Building National Resilience through Bystander Action.)

    If Bystanders do not take a more active role, many will die unnecessarily. Have a bleeding control kit handy, know what to do, take action - save lives.

    An active shooter is an individual actively engaged in killing or attempting to kill people in a confined and other populated area. In most cases, active shooters use firearms and there is no pattern or method to their selection of victims

    BleedingFrom the September 2015 American College of Surgeons Compendium on Strategies to Enhance Survival in Active Shooter and Intentional Mass Casualty Events: See Something, So Something -- Improving Survival.

    “Never doubt that a small group of thoughtful, committed citizens can change
    the world. Indeed, it’s the only thing that ever has.”
    —Margaret Mead

    Image of Trauma and First Responder kits See Trauma and First Responder kits

    Three levels of responders
    There are different levels of responders in an intentional mass-casualty or active shooter event:

    1. Immediate responders: The individuals who are present at the scene who can immediately control bleeding with their hands and equipment that may be available
    2. Professional first responders: Prehospital responders at the scene who have the appropriate equipment and training
    3. Trauma professionals: Health care professionals in hospitals with all of the necessary equipment and skill to provide definitive care Immediate responders

    One goal of the Hartford Consensus III is to empower the public to provide emergency care. During intentional mass-casualty events, those of wounding have often proven invaluable in responding to the initial hemorrhage control needs of the wounded.

    Traditionally thought of as “bystanders,” these immediate responders should not be considered passive observers and can provide effective lifesaving first-line treatment.
    Immediate responders contribute to a victim’s survival by performing critical external hemorrhage control at the point of wounding and prior to the arrival of traditional first responders. Immediate responders contribute to what is the critical step in eliminating preventable prehospital death: the control of external hemorrhage.

  • Health Tip: First Aid for a Bleeding Wound

    We recently discussed hemostatic agents that help control bleeding

    Here's some basic first aid for bleeding advice from HealthDay...

    Apply pressure to stem the flow of blood

    (HealthDay News) -- An open wound can be frightening. But knowing how to administer first aid can help stop the bleeding and begin healing.

    The American Academy of Family Physicians suggests how to care for a bleeding wound:

    • Using a clean cloth, tissue or gauze, apply firm, yet gentle, pressure to the bleeding wound.
    • If the cloth or gauze becomes soaked, leave it there and add another piece, holding it in place for at least 20 minutes.
    • If the injury is to an arm or leg, raise it above the heart.
    • Cover injury with a bandage if it is prone to becoming dirty or irritated.
    • Injuries to the mouth, face and head may bleed more heavily than other areas because of a large concentration of blood vessels.
  • QuikClot or QR (WoundSeal)?

    OK - First - what is a "Hemostatic Agent"? Hemostatic agents promote hemostasis.

    Well, that was REALLY helpful, eh?

    An antihemorrhagic (antihaemorrhagic) agent is a substance that promotes hemostasis (stops bleeding). Also known as a hemostatic (also spelled haemostatic) agent.

    OK - This stuff stops bleeding - FAST

    Which is better? That's really up to you - we've heard exceptional reviews on both from our customers. We've also used both very successfully...

    WoundSeal can be poured into a wound, which is is great for certain types of wounds, especially nosebleeds and small cuts -

    Quick Clot dresses the wound, lays on top like a bandage, so it is great for larger wounds and abrasions. Best bet? Keep both in your first aid kit or responder pack!

    Compare Quick Clot / Wound Seal (QR) / Hem Com (Kyto Stat) / Celox

    QR-2WoundSeal (QR Powder)

    WoundSeal QR Powder stops bleeding instantly. QR does not wait for the body's clotting process to take place. QR Powder does not burn the skin and does not cauterize. QR Powder is non-toxic and is not biologically derived. Also great for nosebleeds!



    Mineral zeolite - A proprietary form of zeolite, which is commercially available as the product QuikClot, became FDA-approved in 2002 for topical applications.

    Quik Clot® - Quikclot is a chemically inert material in a mesh bag or impregnated sponge pad that speeds coagulation of blood, resulting in a stable clot that stops bleeding


    Watch the QuikClot Video to learn more!

    [video width="640" height="360" wmv="/blogs/first-aid-mart/wp-content/uploads/2014/06/QuikCot.wmv"][/video]

    Also see:

    HealingSpraysBlood Clotting Spray & Spray on bandages - Our blood clotting spray helps control superficial bleeding by forming an immediate porous, skin-like film over minor cuts and abrasions. Promotes healing and helps prevent infection.

    Blood Stoppers - QuickClot  and WoundSeal (formerly QR Powder) -

    Blood Stopping - Blood stop powder, blood stop spray, blood stop swabs and blood stop hemostatic gauze

    Kytostat by HemCon® Bandages were proven to be effective lifesavers in combat. HemCon is a top choice of America's Armed Forces to stop severe bleeding. Now the same advanced, natural blood-stopping technology can go right into your first aid kit.

    HemCon Strip, single foil pouch, 1x4 inch Formerly known as KytoStat. HemCon Strip First Aid HemCon’s experience with emerg....

    Oops - ran out of space... we'll only Compare QuickClot / WoundSeal (QR) / HemCom (KytoStat)...Not Celox

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