First Aid Situation

  • First Aid in Disasters

    While everyone should learn First Aid and have a good Emergency First Aid Guide, mass casualties in a Disaster require a different focus than day-to-day cuts, bumps, and bruises.

    URG-BK-48First Aid is the most important component of disaster response. A common complaint about CERT programs is disappointment in the first aid segment: "It was not enough."

    Disaster First Aid is designed for disaster, esssentials-only. Anyone can save lives if they know these simple but critical formulas and skills, and do them quickly.

    Unlike standard first aid, Disaster First Aid involves ONLY the most essential skills and information for saving the saveable lives in multi-casualty incidents. Based on standard disaster protocols of EMTs & firefighter First Responders, adapted to the citizen level of ability and resources.

    CERTDisaster First Aid includes S.T.A.R.T. Rapid Triage, and the simple correct procedures for the most common trauma injuries and shock that occur in multi-casualty incidents.

    Simple triage and rapid treatment (START) is a method used by rescuers , EMS and first responders to efficiently evaluate and categorize all of the victims during a multiple casualty event. The first medical personnel arriving at a mass casualty incident will use a triage tag to categorize the victims by the severity of their injury, in some cases the will move victims to areas noted by triage tarps. Once they have a better handle on the scene, severity and quantity of injuries, on-scene personnel will call in for additional appropriate resources and assign the incoming emergency service personnel rescue response tasks. The casualties will be easily identifiable in terms of what the appropriate care is needed by the triage tags applied or triage tarp gathering areas.

    The S.T.A.R.T. Triage evaluation process is conducted very quickly (generally 60 seconds or less.) Once the evaluation is complete, the victims are labeled with one of the four triage categories.

    • Minor delayed care / can delay up to three hours
    • Delayed urgent care / can delay up to one hour
    • Immediate immediate care / life-threatening
    • Deceased victim is dead or mortally wounded / no care required


    TRIAGE Gear is easy to get - Triage Kits and ICS Supplies

    Don’t miss all our great Disaster Preparedness Articles, Tips, Survival Plans, Guides and Emergency Preparedness Recommendations in the National Preparedness Month Blog

  • What is First Aid?

    Hopefully everyone has had First Aid Training, has a great First Aid Kit, and well stocked, current expiration First Aid Supplies. We hope, too, that you have taken advantage of our Free First Aid Video to learn how to put those first aid items to use when needed.

    Now the next questions:
    When is it a First Aid Situation, When should you see your medical practitioner, and When is it time to rush to the Urgent Care or Emergency Room?

    First Aid is defined as " emergency care or treatment given to an ill or injured person before regular medical aid can be obtained ".
    Here's a great article from Denton Publications that gives one opinion:

    First aid? Not so fast.

    Elizabethtown Community Hospital (ECH) wants the public to know that while they’re always delighted to see you, residents with non-life threatening medical situations should first visit their primary care physicians before taking potentially costly trips to the emergency room.

    “When in doubt, call your general practitioner,” said Jane Hooper, ECH’s Director of Community Relations.

    According to emergency department staff, ECH sees a significant number of patients with dental pain, colds and stomach aches in their emergency department. Hooper said that while some of these may cause severe discomfort, they could often be better handled by primarily care physicians.

    The issue arises when the emergency department is busy with emergent situations — issues like traffic accidents, heart attacks and traumatic injuries, for example — and staff is occupied with caring for those patients. People with non-emergent situations may end up waiting longer than they are comfortable with.

    “It’s not unusual to have someone with a cold make their way to the emergency department in the middle of the night,” said Julie Tromblee, RN, director of patient services. “In those situations, staff offers suggestions to help alleviate the symptoms and works to refer patients to a primary care physician.”

    Other examples include minor cuts that require several stitches, ear infections and sprains, the latter of which is particularly common in the region because of the community’s “fix-it-yourself” ethic paired with the grueling wintertime weather.

    “If you have an injury like that, and it’s normal business hours and there isn’t an underlying condition involved, start by calling your general practitioner and get their advice,” said Hooper.

    “Primary care is the cornerstone of good medical care,” added Mary Glickman, medical director of Smith House Health Center in Willsboro. “There are so many conditions that, if properly and consistently managed by patients and their physician, complications may never occur, keeping that patient out of the emergency room. This also holds true for some minor, non life-threatening emergencies.”

    Hooper said ECH encourages everyone to establish a primary care physician.

    “Each of the hospital’s community-based health centers is currently accepting new patients,” she said, “and each center owned by the hospital leaves space in its appointment calendar for situations that may require more immediate attention, such as a wound requiring stitches, ankle sprain or a child with a potential ear infection.”

    The four health centers are located in Westport, Wilmington, Willsboro and Elizabethtown.

    Hooper said more Americans are using hospital emergency departments because they face long waits for appointments with their physician and limited after-hours options.

    Many studies have found the cost of treating non-emergent conditions in the emergency department is significantly higher than in other settings, which can increase patients’ out-of-pocket costs and add avoidable spending to the nation’s health care bill.

    American Red Cross First Aid & Emergency Kits - Click the image to view all American Red Cross First Aid & Emergency Kits - Click the image to view all

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