Extreme Heat

  • Free Spring & Summer Preparedness Resources

    BE PREPARED FOR SPRING & SUMMER NATURAL CATASTROPHES

    Spring and Summer are certainly two joyous seasons. From the perfume of fresh flowers blooming & the symphony of birds chirping, to the scent of sunblock & sand between your toes... Although, most do not consider that natural catastrophes such as severe weather, floods, extreme heat, and wildfires are very likely during Spring and Summer! Resolve to be ready by taking a moment to read the tips below. Share this and encourage your family and friends to prepare throughout the year for all weather hazards during spring and summer 2017.

    GENERAL SEASONAL PREPAREDNES TIPS

    Make a family emergency communication plan and include pets. Identify an out of town emergency contact to coordinate information with family/friends. Check on neighbors. Keep an emergency kit wherever you spend time: home, car, work, etc. Download the FEMA App and set up local alerts. Listen to local officials by radio, TV, or social media and take action. Practice your preparedness plans with a drill or exercise. Take a first aid class so you can help until first responders arrive. Learn more! Read our Disaster & Survival Forum and remember power outages are the most common emergency (Why? Because almost all other emergencies cause power outages).

    SPRING PREPAREDNESS TIPS

    Severe Weather

    If ordered to evacuate, take action immediately. Know the route and plan where to go.
    Identify a safe location, in case of tornado. Stock emergency shelter and sleeping supplies, from blankets and tarps to ponchos and body warmers.

    Flood

    Never drive or walk through flooded streets; Turn Around, Don’t Drown. Check your flood insurance policies to ensure you have enough coverage. Keep an automotive emergency kit in your vehicle so that one is available when disaster strikes

    Rain Ponchos

    Keep dry during rainfall or a storm to prevent sickness. Our adult and child rain ponchos are about wallet-size when folded, yet when opened, are large enough to adequately cover the body to protect against the elements.

    SUMMER PREPAREDNESS TIPS

    Extreme Heat

    Extreme heat can be deadly. Stay inside where it is cool. Wear cool clothes and change activities to stay safe. Never leave children or pets in a car. Stock a Mylar solar sleeping bag / blanket, which can be used as a heat shield.

    Wildfire Safety

    Report a wildfire if you see one; you may be the first to see it.
    Wildfires can kill. If ordered to evacuate, know the route and plan where to go. Stock up evacuation & fire supplies at home.

    Children & Youth + Back to School

    Ensure children are included in preparedness conversations.
    Know the emergency plan for your child’s school, college and child care facility.
    Practice evacuation plans and other emergency procedures with children on a regular basis.
    Make sure children have emergency contacts memorized or written down in a secure place. Purchase your child a kids first aid and child id kit.


    Image of an emergency survival kit in a port a potty bucket with food, water and supplies

    Disaster Kits

    Survival Kits For Emergency Disaster Preparedness

    Image of long lasting emergency food rations

    Food & Water

    Emergency Food Rations & Water Supply

    Image of a two person emergency sleeping bag and a Mylar Solar Emergency Space Blanket

    Shelter & Sleeping

    Emergency Blankets, Tents, Canopies, Tarps & More

    Image of whistles and short-range radio walkie talkies

    Signal & Messaging

    Devices for Signaling & Communicating in Emergencies

    Image of a Swiss Army style knife showing the concept of a multi-function tool

    Survival Tools

    Fire Starters, Survival Knives, SOL, Leatherman & much more

    Graphical portrayal through photos of a flashlight and waterproof matches showing the need for light and warmth in an emergency

    Emergency Heat & Light

    Warmers, Heating, Candles-Flashlights-Lanterns-GlowSticks

    Image of the CERT (Community Emergecy Response Team) Logo in an ebroidered PAtch (to siginify that First Aid Mart Carries a full line of C.E.R.T.Gear)

    CERT Gear & Supplies

    CERT Kits & vests, caps, shirts, logo patches, fieldbooks +

    Image of an American Red Cross Emergency Disaster Supplies kit with contents spread out to show all thetypes of food, water, emergency shelter and signaling required in an earthquake or other disaster.

    Red Cross Supplies

    American Red Cross Emergency Kits: Be Red Cross Ready

    Image of the four stages of Triage: Minor delayed care / can delay up to three hours - Delayed urgent care / can delay up to one hour - Immediate immediate care / life-threatening - Deceased (Morgue) victim is dead or mortally wounded / no care

    Triage & Incident Command

    S.T.A.R.T. Triage Tags, Tape, Kits + ICS Gear and Supplies

    Image of Toilet Paper and Hand Sanitizer - to show the importance of considering sanitation needs in gering up for emergencies and disaster survival

    Sanitation & Hygiene

    Personal Hygiene Kits, Toilets & Chemicals + Sanitary Items

    AAA Emergency Roadside Kit image to depict the need to prepare personal and company vehicles for emergency situations - emergencies occur while away from home adnd work as well.

    Roadside+Auto Emergency

    Auto Emergency Survival Kits, Roadside Tools & Survival Items

    Imageof two empty backas - building an emergency disasster preparedness and survival kit starts with considering what to pack all your gear in!

    Empty Bags & Containers

    Backpacks, Duffels, Buckets and Rolling kits to build your own

    Photo of a Search and Rescue kit showing the typical SAR Gear needs such as; helmet, ropes, etc.

    SAR Gear: Rescue Stuff

    Search & Rescue Kits and Essential SAR Provisions

    Cute picture of a dog wearing a stethoscope.

    Disaster Supplies for Pets

    Disaster Emergency Kits for Dogs and Cats + Survival Food

    Image of a FIre Extinguisher and a Fireman's Axe to signify preparedness for fires and evacuation

    Fire Safety & Evacuation

    Caution Tapes, Escape Masks & Ladders + Fire Safety Gear

    Image of survival guides and DVDs - learn about preparedness, sheltering in place, and survival

    Survival Guides & Videos

    Disaster Planning Books, Checklists & Videos for Survival

    Image showing a bright and highlt visible safety vest with reflective strips

    Hi-Vis Safety Vests

    CERT Vests & Bright Reflective Safety Vests for Visibility

    Image of a EMT/Paramedic style Trauma REsponse go Bag with the typical emergency medical equipment required for field traums rescue.

    Trauma & Field Medicine

    1st Aid, Trauma, Responder, Field Medical & Mass Casualty

    Also See...

  • Record heat

    Heat - it's not just uncomfortable, it is dangerous.. for children and elderly especially, but for workers, too.

    Download OSHA’s heat app to stay safe on the job.

    Heat Safety Tool

    By U.S. Department of Labor (DOL), Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA)

    When you're working in the heat, safety comes first. With the OSHA Heat Safety Tool, you have vital safety information available whenever and wherever you need it - right on your mobile phone.

    heat_appThe App allows workers and supervisors to calculate the heat index for their worksite, and, based on the heat index, displays a risk level to outdoor workers. Then, with a simple "click," you can get reminders about the protective measures that should be taken at that risk level to protect workers from heat-related illness-reminders about drinking enough fluids, scheduling rest breaks, planning for and knowing what to do in an emergency, adjusting work operations, gradually building up the workload for new workers, training on heat illness signs and symptoms, and monitoring each other for signs and symptoms of heat-related illness.

    Working in full sunlight can increase heat index values by 15 degrees Fahrenheit. Keep this in mind and plan additional precautions for working in these conditions.

    The OSHA Heat Tool is available in Spanish for Android and iPhone devices. To access the Spanish version on the iPhone, set the phone language setting to Spanish before downloading the app.

    Stay informed and safe in the heat, check your risk level.

    For more information about safety while working in the heat, see OSHA's heat illness webpage, including new online guidance about using the heat index to protect workers.

    ?    Heat & the Elderly
    ?    HEAT
    ?    Death by Heat
    ?    Extreme Heat and Your Health
    ?    Beat the Heat
    ?    Heat Stress – Heat Exhaustion – Heat Stroke
    ?    Heat and Heat Related Injuries and Illness ??
    ?    Heat Stress and Heat Related Injuries – Heat Exhaustion / Heat Stroke

  • Heat & the Elderly

    We've discussed how to keep your cool in hot weather, but what about some advice for older people on staying safe in hot weather?

    Since the risk of heat-related health problems increases with age, special considerations need be made. ??

    Senior-HeatAccording to the National Institutes for Health, heat fatigue, heat syncope (sudden dizziness after prolonged exposure to the heat), heat cramps, heat exhaustion and heat stroke are forms of hyperthermia, which is caused by a failure of the body’s heat-regulating mechanisms to deal with a hot environment. The combination of individual lifestyle, general health, and high temperatures can increase older adults’ risk for heat-related problems.

    There are many things that can increase risk for hyperthermia, including:

    • Dehydration
    • Age-related changes to the skin such as poor blood circulation and inefficient sweat production
    • Use of multiple medications-it is important, however, to continue to take prescribed medication and discuss possible problems with a physician.
    • Reduced sweating caused by medications such as diuretics, sedatives, tranquilizers and certain heart and blood pressure drugs
    • High blood pressure or other health conditions that require changes in diet- people on salt-restricted diets may be at increased risk, however, salt pills should not be used without first consulting a doctor.
    • Heart, lung and kidney diseases, as well as any illness that causes general weakness or fever
    • Being substantially overweight or underweight
    • Alcohol use

    For a free copy of the National Institute on Aging's Age Page on hyperthermia in English or in Spanish, contact the NIA Information Center at 1-800-222-2225 or go to https://www.nia.nih.gov/health/publication/agepages.

  • Keep Your Cool in Hot Weather

    extreme-heatNow is the time to prepare for the high temperatures that kill hundreds of people every year. Extreme heat caused 7,415 heat-related deaths in the United States from 1999 to 2010 . Heat-related deaths and illness are preventable, yet annually many people succumb to extreme heat.

    Take measures to stay cool, remain hydrated and to keep informed. Getting too hot can make you sick. You can become ill from the heat if your body can't compensate for it and properly cool you off. The main things affecting your body's ability to cool itself during extremely hot weather are:

    • High humidity. When the humidity is high, sweat won't evaporate as quickly, which keeps your body from releasing heat as fast as it may need to.
    • Personal factors. Age, obesity, fever, dehydration, heart disease, mental illness, poor circulation, sunburn, and prescription drug and alcohol use can play a role in whether a person can cool off enough in very hot weather.
    Mature man wiping sweat from foreheadPeople age 65 and older are at high risk for heat-related illnesses.

    Those who are at highest risk include people 65 and older, children younger than two, and people with chronic diseases or mental illness.  Closely monitor people who depend on you for their care:

    • Are they drinking enough water?
    • Do they have access to air conditioning?
    • Do they need help keeping cool?

    People at greatest risk for heat-related illness can take the following protective actions to prevent illness or death:

    • Stay in air-conditioned buildings as much as possible. Contact your local health department or locate an air-conditioned shelter in your area. Air-conditioning is the number one protective factor against heat-related illness and death. If a home is not air-conditioned, people can reduce their risk for heat-related illness by spending time in public facilities that are air-conditioned, and using air conditioning in vehicles.
    • Do not rely on a fan as your primary cooling device during an extreme heat event.
    • Drink more water than usual and don't wait until you're thirsty to drink.
    • Check on a friend or neighbor and have someone do the same for you.
    • Don't use the stove or oven to cook—it will make you and your house hotter.

    Even young and healthy people can get sick from the heat if they participate in strenuous physical activities during hot weather:

    • Limit outdoor activity, especially midday when the sun is hottest.
    • Wear and reapply sunscreen as indicated on the package.
    • Pace activity. Start activities slow and pick up the pace gradually.
    • Drink more water than usual and don’t wait until you’re thirsty to drink more. Muscle cramping may be an early sign of heat-related illness.
    • Wear loose, lightweight, light-colored clothing.

    If you participate on a sports team that practices during hot weather protect yourself and look out for your teammates:

    • Schedule workouts and practices earlier or later in the day when the temperature is cooler.
    • Monitor a teammate’s condition, and have someone do the same for you.
    • Seek medical care immediately if you or a teammate has symptoms of heat-related illness.
    • Learn more about how to protect young athletes from heat-related illness by taking this CDC course.
    Young girl sweating and drinking waterDrink plenty of fluids to prevent heat-related illnesses.

    Everyone should take these steps to prevent heat-related illnesses, injuries, and deaths during hot weather:

    • Stay in an air-conditioned indoor location as much as possible.
    • Drink plenty of fluids even if you don't feel thirsty.
    • Schedule outdoor activities carefully.
      • Wear loose, lightweight, light-colored clothing and sunscreen.
      • Pace yourself.
    • Take cool showers or baths to cool down.
    • Check on a friend or neighbor and have someone do the same for you.
    • Never leave children or pets in cars.
    • Check the local news for health and safety updates.
  • HEAT

    Preparing for Extreme Heat

    Here at the end of Extreme Heat Week ?? we want to remind you that extreme heat events can happen anywhere in the United States. Extreme heat commonly occurs in the summer; however the main season for heat waves may vary regionally.

    While heat illness may affect seniors and the very young more rapidly, it is a condition to which we are all susceptible.

    • Heat-funnyExtreme Heat Safety Tips:
      Stay indoors, especially during the warmest part of the day (typically 11 am to 2 pm), and, if at all possible, stay in an air-conditioned place. If your home does not have air conditioning or it fails, go to a public building with air conditioning such as a shopping mall, public library, or community center.
    •  Wear lightweight, light-colored, loose-fitting clothing.
    •  If you must be outside, protect yourself from the sun by wearing a wide-brimmed hat (also keeps you cooler) and sunglasses and by putting on sunscreen of SPF 15 or higher. Avoid strenuous activity. If you must work, take frequent breaks.
    •  NEVER leave anyone in a closed, parked vehicle.
    •  Although any one at any time can suffer from heat-related illness, some people are at greater risk than others. Check regularly on:
      o Infants and young children
      o People aged 65 or older
      o People who have a mental illness
      o Those who are physically ill, especially with heart disease or high blood pressure
    •  Get to know symptoms for heat stroke, heat exhaustion, heat cramps and sunburn and how to respond immediately.
  • Death by Heat

    Heat is typically the leading cause of weather related fatalities each year. A heat wave is a
    period of abnormally hot and humid weather, generally lasting more than 2 days. Heat waves
    have the potential to cover a large area, exposing a high number of people to a hazardous
    combination of heat and humidity, which can be very taxing on the body. Learn how to stay
    safe during a heat wave at www.weather.gov/heatsafety #HeatSafety

    Heat-stress-collaps

  • Stay safe this Summer

    Know Your Risk, Take Action and Be a Force of Nature.

    Protect yourself from the heat while working or playing outside this summer. Drink plenty of
    water to stay hydrated and apply sunscreen regularly. Also, dress in lightweight and light
    colored clothing and wear a wide brimmed hat.

    1. Know Your Risk
    noaa_logoBeing prepared means learning about summer weather hazards such as hurricanes, heat, lightning, rip currents, air quality and wildfires. Here’s what you need to know:

    • The Atlantic hurricane season runs from June 1 through November 30. Hurricane hazards come in many forms, including storm surge, heavy rainfall, inland flooding, high winds, tornadoes, and rip currents.
    • Since 2003, 43 states within the continental United States have come under a tornado watch; 49 states have come under severe thunderstorm watches; and lightning strikes occur in every state.
    • Heat waves are common across the country during the summer. They are dangerous because the human body cannot cool itself properly when exposed to an extreme combination of heat and humidity.
    • In 2014, there were 26 lightning fatalities - six in Florida alone.
    • The United States Lifesaving Association estimates that more than 100 people each year die in the surf zone waters of the U.S. and that rip currents cause the majority of those fatalities. Rip currents are just one of many beach hazards.
    • Wildfires kill 30 people, destroy 2,800 homes and burn more than 7 million acres, on average, per year.
    • Flash flooding is the number one killer associated with severe weather.
    • Air pollution can make it harder for people with asthma and other respiratory diseases to breathe. Children and teens may be more sensitive than adults to the health effects caused by air pollution. According to the EPA, poor air quality is responsible in the U.S. for an estimated 60,000 premature deaths each year.

    2. Take Action
    While the weather may be wild, you are not powerless. Prepare for summer hazards with these simple steps:

    • WRN-AmbassadorDo you live in a hurricane evacuation zone? If so, you need to plan on where you and your family would ride out the storm if you are told to evacuate.
    • You may have only minutes to find shelter before a tornado strikes. Practice a family tornado drill at least once a year.
    • Protect yourself from extreme heat by rescheduling outdoor activities to earlier in the day.
    • There is no safe place outside when lightning is in the area. If you hear thunder, you are likely within striking distance of the storm. Just remember, When Thunder Roars, Go Indoors.
    • Stay safe from rip currents and other beach hazards by only swimming at a beach with lifeguards and heed their direction. Learn how to survive a rip current.
    • If you live near wildland areas, make sure your home is Firewise and fire-safe. Also determine evacuation routes from your home. Visit weather.gov to determine if your area is at risk for dangerous fire weather conditions.
    • Whether on foot or in a car, if you encounter flood waters, Turn Around Don’t Drown!
    • Make sure to check the Air Quality Index for your area at http://airquality.weather.gov or http://airnow.gov. If the air quality is poor, avoid prolonged or extreme exertion outdoors.

    3. Be a Force of Nature
    Your action can inspire others. Be a Force of Nature and share how you’re working to stay safe from weather hazards this summer.

    • Write a post on Facebook. Share with your friends and family the preparedness steps you’re taking to stay safe this summer.
    • Tweet that you’re prepared with #SummerSafety. Tell us what you’re doing to be prepared for summer hazards.
    • Create a Family Communication Plan so that your loved ones know how to get in touch during an emergency. And let your friends know that they should create a plan also.
    • Look for ways to help your town prepare, such as volunteering Community Emergency Response Team.
    • Register for America’s PrepareAthon! to learn how to stay safe during disasters.

    With these steps, you’ll be doing more than just protecting yourself - you’ll help NOAA build a Weather-Ready Nation.

    Get to Know NOAA
    NOAA’s National Weather Service (NWS) provides weather, water and climate data and forecasts and warnings to protect life and property and enhance the national economy. Our vision is a Weather-Ready Nation, one that is prepared for and responds to weather-dependent events. Here’s what we’re doing to prepare the public for summer weather hazards.

    • NWS leads Seasonal Safety Campaigns (like this one) to prepare the public for seasonal weather hazards.
    • NOAA issues a Hurricane Outlook as general guide to the expected overall activity during the upcoming hurricane season. In addition, NWS will begin issuing a prototype Storm Surge Watch/Warning Graphic in 2015 to highlight those areas along the Gulf and Atlantic coasts of the United States that have a significant risk of life-threatening inundation by storm surge from a tropical cyclone.
    • NWS warns the public about severe weather through Wireless Emergency Alerts and NOAA Weather Radio.
    • NOAA, EPA and other federal agencies created an Excessive Heat Events Guidebook to help emergency managers prepare for heat waves.
    • NWS offices issue Surf Zone Forecasts routinely to let people know of the expected conditions at a particular beach; including a daily outlook for rip current potential.
    • NOAA and the National Weather Service, in partnership with the EPA, issues daily air quality forecast guidance as part of a national Air Quality Forecasting Capability.
    • NOAA issues Fire Weather Outlooks to help local officials prepare for potential wildfires.

    Safety Information for Workers and Employers
    NOAA-Weather-RadioThe Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) provides resources for workplace preparedness and response to severe weather emergencies during summer, including: extreme heat, hurricanes, wildfires and floods. Employers must ensure that workers involved in response and recovery are protected from potential safety and health hazards. OSHA also provides information and resources to assist in these efforts.

    OSHA and NOAA encourage workers and employers to be aware of weather forecasts, train workers on severe weather plans, and keep emergency supplies, including a battery-operated weather radio, on hand to be better prepared when severe weather strikes.

  • Is a Heat Wave Coming?

    Probably. As the NOAA explains, North American summers are hot; most summers see heat waves in one or more parts of the United States. Heat is one of the leading weather-related killers in the United States, resulting in hundreds of fatalities each year and even more heat-related illnesses.

    What can you do? During Extreme Heat Week, we remind you that taking precautions is far easier than treating Heat Stress and Heat Related Injuries. While The First Day of Summer (Summer Solstice) in 2016 is June 20, this is  just a date on the calendar - Meteorological Summer (real summer weather-wise) is about to  begin on June 1st. Things will heat up, so play and work safe - plan your activities for early and late hours when it is cooler, and stay indoors or in the shade during the hottest mid-day hours.

    Remember that Summer also holds significant weather hazards. Heat waves can be lengthy and deadly. Lightning deaths are at their peak during the summer. Beach hazards such as rip currents can catch the unprepared. And, it’s the start of hurricane season.Blazing

  • Look Before You Lock

    Extreme Heat creates dangers for all ages, from Heat and Heat Related Injuries and Illness to death. While we often focus on safety working in the heat, and staying hydrated, it's not all about adults and electrolytes... During Extreme Heat Week, we want to remind you that pets and children die when left in cars every year... Look Before You Lock!

    heat-graphic

    Sweating? ??

    Each year, dozens of children and untold numbers of pets left in parked vehicles die from hyperthermia. Hyperthermia is an acute condition that occurs when the body absorbs more heat than it can handle. Hyperthermia can occur even on a mild day. Studies have shown that the temperature inside a parked vehicle can rapidly rise to a dangerous level for children, pets and even adults. Leaving the windows slightly open does not significantly decrease the heating rate. The effects can be more severe on children because their bodies have not developed the ability to efficiently regulate its internal temperature.

    The sun's shortwave radiation (yellow in figure below) heats objects that it strikes.  For example, a dark dashboard or seat can easily reach temperatures in the range of 180 to over 200°F. These objects (e.g., dashboard, steering wheel, child seat) heat the adjacent air by conduction and convection and also give off longwave radiation (red in figure below) which is very efficient at warming the air trapped inside a vehicle. Shown below are time lapse photos of thermometer readings in a car over a period of less than an hour. As the animation shows, in just over 2 minutes the car went from a safe temperature to an unsafe temperature of 94.3°F. This demonstration shows just how quickly a vehicle can become a death trap for a child.

    Objects Heated by the Sun Warm Vehicle's Air

    parked vehicle
    CLICK HERE FOR ANIMATION (700K)
    ( Hi-Res ~ 2.5 mb.WMV file)
    Individual Frames:
    0 min, 10 min, 20 min, 30 min, 40 min, 50 min, 60 min
    Animation Courtesy of General Motors and San Francisco State University. Use of this animation does not imply NWS endorsement of services provided by General Motors and San Francisco State University.

    Hyperthermia deaths aren't confined to summer months. They also happen during the spring and fall. Below are just a few of MANY tragedies.

    • Honolulu, HI, March: A 3-year-old girl died when the father left her in a child seat for 1.5 hours while he visited friends in a Waikiki apartment building. The outside temperature was only 81 degrees.
    • North Augusta, SC, April: A mother left her a 15-month-old son in a car. He was in a car for 9 hours while his mom went to work. She is now serving a 20-year prison sentence.
    • Greenville, TX, December: A 6-month-old boy died after being left in a car for more than 2 hours by his mother. She was charged with murder. The temperature rose to an unseasonably warm 81 degrees on that day.

    Adults also susceptible to hyperthermia in vehicles. On July 12, 2001, a man died of heat stroke after falling asleep in his car with the windows rolled up in the parking lot of a supermarket in Hinds County, MS.

  • Heating up

    Today is the First Day of EXTREME HEAT WEEK

    While it may be lovely Spring weather at present, it won't last and we've had some gnarly heat waves in  recent years, so we want you to be prepared.

    We'll be sharing new information about Heat Safety all week, but want o open with a look back at some great information shared in the past:

    Electrolytes, which can be found in some sports drinks, are compounds ideal for avoiding side effects associated with exorbitant perspiration. Our Electrolyte Tablets will aid in the prevention of fatigue, muscle cramps, and heat exhaustion during such excessive sweating. For convenience, each packet contains a single-dose of two tablets, and we carry a pill keychain for on-the-go readiness.2799250

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