electrolyte tablets

  • Hot Weather Health Emergencies


    You've gotten your Summer First Aid Kit,

    You've Slathered on the Sunscreen,

    You've Reviewed your Summer Safety Tips,

    You've even Read all about Electrolytes,

    Now what?

    Photo of thermometer measuring high temperature.Even short periods of high temperatures can cause serious health problems. During hot weather health emergencies, keep informed by listening to local weather and news channels or contact local health departments for health and safety updates. Doing too much on a hot day, spending too much time in the sun or staying too long in an overheated place can cause heat-related illnesses. Know the symptoms of heat disorders and overexposure to the sun, and be ready to give first aid treatment.

    Heat Stroke

    Heat stroke occurs when the body is unable to regulate its temperature. The body's temperature rises rapidly, the sweating mechanism fails, and the body is unable to cool down. Body temperature may rise to 106°F or higher within 10 to 15 minutes. Heat stroke can cause death or permanent disability if emergency treatment is not provided.

    Recognizing Heat Stroke

    Warning signs of heat stroke vary but may include the following:

    • An extremely high body temperature (above 103°F, orally)
    • Red, hot, and dry skin (no sweating)
    • Rapid, strong pulse
    • Throbbing headache
    • Dizziness
    • Nausea
    • Confusion
    • Unconsciousness

    What to Do

    If you see any of these signs, you may be dealing with a life-threatening emergency. Have someone call for immediate medical assistance while you begin cooling the victim. Do the following:

    • Get the victim to a shady area.
    • Cool the victim rapidly using whatever methods you can. For example, immerse the victim in a tub of cool water; place the person in a cool shower; spray the victim with cool water from a garden hose; sponge the person with cool water; or if the humidity is low, wrap the victim in a cool, wet sheet and fan him or her vigorously.
    • Monitor body temperature, and continue cooling efforts until the body temperature drops to 101-102°F.
    • If emergency medical personnel are delayed, call the hospital emergency room for further instructions.
    • Do not give the victim fluids to drink.
    • Get medical assistance as soon as possible.

    Sometimes a victim's muscles will begin to twitch uncontrollably as a result of heat stroke. If this happens, keep the victim from injuring himself, but do not place any object in the mouth and do not give fluids. If there is vomiting, make sure the airway remains open by turning the victim on his or her side.

    Heat Exhaustion

    Photo of man exhausted from playing tennis.Heat exhaustion is a milder form of heat-related illness that can develop after several days of exposure to high temperatures and inadequate or unbalanced replacement of fluids. It is the body's response to an excessive loss of the water and salt contained in sweat. Those most prone to heat exhaustion are elderly people, people with high blood pressure, and people working or exercising in a hot environment.

    Recognizing Heat Exhaustion

    Warning signs of heat exhaustion include the following:

    • Heavy sweating
    • Paleness
    • Muscle cramps
    • Tiredness
    • Weakness
    • Dizziness
    • Headache
    • Nausea or vomiting
    • Fainting

    The skin may be cool and moist. The victim's pulse rate will be fast and weak, and breathing will be fast and shallow. If heat exhaustion is untreated, it may progress to heat stroke. Seek medical attention immediately if any of the following occurs:

    • Symptoms are severe
    • The victim has heart problems or high blood pressure

    Otherwise, help the victim to cool off, and seek medical attention if symptoms worsen or last longer than 1 hour.

    What to Do

    Cooling measures that may be effective include the following:

    • Cool, nonalcoholic beverages
    • Rest
    • Cool shower, bath, or sponge bath
    • An air-conditioned environment
    • Lightweight clothing

    Heat Cramps

    Heat cramps usually affect people who sweat a lot during strenuous activity. This sweating depletes the body's salt and moisture. The low salt level in the muscles may be the cause of heat cramps. Heat cramps may also be a symptom of heat exhaustion.

    Recognizing Heat Cramps

    Heat cramps are muscle pains or spasms—usually in the abdomen, arms, or legs—that may occur in association with strenuous activity. If you have heart problems or are on a low-sodium diet, get medical attention for heat cramps.

    What to Do

    If medical attention is not necessary, take these steps:

    • Stop all activity, and sit quietly in a cool place.
    • Drink clear juice or a sports beverage.
    • Do not return to strenuous activity for a few hours after the cramps subside, because further exertion may lead to heat exhaustion or heat stroke.
    • Seek medical attention for heat cramps if they do not subside in 1 hour.


    Photo of sun bather.Sunburn should be avoided because it damages the skin. Although the discomfort is usually minor and healing often occurs in about a week, a more severe sunburn may require medical attention.

    Recognizing Sunburn

    Symptoms of sunburn are well known: the skin becomes red, painful, and abnormally warm after sun exposure.

    What to Do

    Consult a doctor if the sunburn affects an infant younger than 1 year of age or if these symptoms are present:

    • Fever
    • Fluid-filled blisters
    • Severe pain

    Also, remember these tips when treating sunburn:

    • Avoid repeated sun exposure.
    • Apply cold compresses or immerse the sunburned area in cool water.
    • Apply moisturizing lotion to affected areas. Do not use salve, butter, or ointment.
    • Do not break blisters.

    Heat Rash

    Photo of woman's face sweating.Heat rash is a skin irritation caused by excessive sweating during hot, humid weather. It can occur at any age but is most common in young children.

    Recognizing Heat Rash

    Heat rash looks like a red cluster of pimples or small blisters. It is more likely to occur on the neck and upper chest, in the groin, under the breasts, and in elbow creases.

    What to Do

    The best treatment for heat rash is to provide a cooler, less humid environment. Keep the affected area dry. Dusting powder may be used to increase comfort.

    Treating heat rash is simple and usually does not require medical assistance. Other heat-related problems can be much more severe.

  • Heat Stress - Heat Exhaustion - Heat Stroke

    We've covered heat illness in previous posts and gone in depth with articles about Heat Stress and Heat Related Injuries – Heat Exhaustion / Heat Stroke... now lets hit a few "Quick and Dirty" Summer Heat Safety reminders:

    Most of you know it can get pretty hot during the summer months. Therefore, it is important to know how the heat can affect you.

    As temperatures rise, so does the stress on your body. Several things can help you battle the heat - acclimation to the heat, consumption of water and good nutrition.

    Always keep electrolytes on hand for replenishment! Always keep electrolytes on hand for replenishment!

    Your body is a good regulator of heat. Your body reacts to heat by circulating blood and raising your skin's temperature. The excess heat is released through the skin by sweating. Sweating can also maintain a stable body temperature if the humidity level is low enough to permit evaporation and if fluids and salts you lose are adequately replaced. When your body cannot release heat, it stores it which raises your core temperature and puts your health at risk.

    Heat Stress (Heat Cramps)

    Excessive heat places abnormal stress on your body. When your body temperature rises even a few degrees above normal, you can experience muscle cramps, become weak, disoriented and ill. The six factors of heat stress are temperature, humidity, movement of air or lack of, radiant temperature of your surroundings (ie: working around a grill), clothing and physical activity.

    Signs of heat stress (heat cramps) - tiredness, irritability, inattention, and muscle cramps which are painful intermittent spasms of the abdomen and other voluntary muscles. Heat cramps usually occur after heavy sweating and may begin towards the end of a workday.

    Summer Safety Summer Safety

    First Aid for heat stress/heat cramps - drink fluids (water or Gatorade - not alcohol, caffeine or carbonated beverages) and move to a cool environment.

    Heat Exhaustion

    This develops when a person fails to replace fluids and salt that are lost through sweating. You may start to experience extreme weakness, fatigue, giddiness, nausea or a headache.

    First Aid for heat exhaustion - rest in the shade or a cool place, drink plenty of water or Gatorade, loosen clothing to allow your body to cool and use cool wet rags to aid cooling.

    Heat Stroke

    This is a life threatening medical condition that urgently requires medical attention. Sweating is diminished or absent, which makes the skin hot and dry. Body temperature is very high (greater than 105 degrees).

    Signs of heat stroke - mental confusion, delirium, chills, dizziness, loss of consciousness, convulsions or coma, hot, dry skin that may be red, mottled or bluish.

    First Aid for heat stroke - this is a medical emergency! Call 9-1-1. Brain damage and death are possible. Until medical help arrives, move the victim from the heat and into a cool place.

    Also read our Summer Safety Tips!!!

  • Heat Stress and Heat Related Injuries - Heat Exhaustion / Heat Stroke

    Heat Stress and Heat Related injuries and a major cause of illness, loss of work, and even death during the Spring and Summer Months each year. This has become such a serious issue that OSHA has developed and entire campaign around the issue and even developed and launched an app.

    Heat Safety Tool Smartphone App - click the logo to get it!?

    Heat Safety Tool - Smartphone App

    We've discussed this topic in other articles, such as Help Prevent Heat-Related Illness, but as we head into the hot Months again, we want raise awareness anew.

    The OSHA Campaign focuses on water, rest, and shade - these (along with essential electrolytes) can keep workers safe and healthy. The same applies to each of us in our ordinary lives. Whether a senior, who may be more susceptible to heat illness, or a young athlete kicking it up on the field and in the sin, think about how heat can sneak up on you and knock you down.

    Shows locations of outdoor worker, heat-related fatalities between 2008 and 2012.

    ?Shows locations of outdoor worker, heat-related fatalities between 2008 and 2013.

    HEAT ILLNESS CAN BE DEADLY. Every year, thousands of workers become sick from exposure to heat, and some even die. Heat illnesses and deaths are preventable.Employers are responsible for providing workplaces that are safe from excessive heat.

    What is heat illness?

    The body normally cools itself by sweating. During hot weather, especially with high humidity, sweating isn't enough. Body temperature can rise to dangerous levels if precautions are not taken such as drinking water frequently and resting in the shade or air conditioning. Heat illnesses range from heat rash and heat cramps to heat exhaustion and heat stroke. Heat stroke requires immediate medical attention and can result in death.

    How can heat illness be prevented?

    Employers should establish a complete heat illness prevention program to prevent heat illness. This includes: provide workers with water, rest and shade; gradually increase workloads and allow more frequent breaks for new workers or workers who have been away for a week or more to build a tolerance for working in the heat (acclimatization); modify work schedules as necessary; plan for emergencies and train workers about the symptoms of heat-related illnesses and their prevention; and monitor workers for signs of illness. Workers new to the heat or those that have been away from work and are returning can be most vulnerable to heat stress and they must be acclimatized (see box).

    To prevent heat related illness and fatalities:

    • Drink water every 15 minutes, even if you are not thirsty.
    • Rest in the shade to cool down.
    • Wear a hat and light-colored clothing.
    • Learn the signs of heat illness and what to do in an emergency.
    • Keep an eye on fellow workers.
    • "Easy does it" on your first days of work in the heat. You need to get used to it.

    If workers are new to working in the heat or returning from more than a week off, and for all workers on the first day of a sudden heat wave, implement a work schedule to allow them to get used to the heat gradually.

    Drink water often - Rest in the shade - Report heat symptoms early - Know what to do in an emergencyAc·cli·ma·ti·za·tion

    : a physical change that builds tolerance to the heat, can be done by gradually increasing workload for new and returning workers- and for everyone during a heat wave.

    Remember these three simple words: Water, Rest, Shade.  Taking these precautions can mean the difference between life and death.

    Who is affected?

    Always keep electrolytes on hand for replenishment! Always keep electrolytes on hand for replenishment!

    Any worker exposed to hot and humid conditions is at risk of heat illness, especially those doing heavy work tasks or using bulky protective clothing and equipment. Some workers might be at greater risk than others if they have not built up a tolerance to hot conditions,including new workers, temporary workers, or those returning to work after a week or more off. This also includes everyone during a heat wave.

    Industries most affected by heat-related illness are: construction; trade, transportation and utilities; agriculture; building, grounds maintenance; landscaping services; and support activities for oil and gas operations.

    About the OSHA Heat Campaign

    OSHA's nationwide Heat Illness Prevention Campaign aims to raise awareness and teach workers and employers about the dangers of working in hot weather and provide valuable resources to address these concerns. Begun in 2011, the Heat Illness Prevention Campaign has reached more than 10.7 million people and distributed close to half a million fact sheets, posters, quick cards, training guides and wallet cards. OSHA is again joining with other federal and state agencies and non-governmental organizations to spread the word about preventing heat illness. For example, OSHA is continuing its partnership with the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration’s (NOAA) National Weather Service to include worker safety precautions in their Excessive Heat Watch, Warning, and Advisory Products.

  • Electrolytes

    Always keep electrolytes on hand for replenishment! Always keep electrolytes on hand for replenishment!

    Help to Prevent Muscle Cramps and Heat Prostration due to Excessive Perspiration. Electrolyte Tablets are available in convenient two packs.

    When a person sweats, small amounts of electrolytes – the electrically charged minerals sodium, potassium, chloride, and magnesium – are lost from the body along with water.

    Electrolytes are chemical substances which, when dissolved or lost in sweat, are missing the electrically charged particles or ions. These ions are necessary for cellular metabolism, for intra- and extra-cellular chemical balance, and for assisting in the neuro-metabolic expenditure of caloric energy.

    Basically, many normal bodily functions are dependent on these substances. As important as the fuel you consume and the water you drink during exercise is a consistent replenishment of electrolytes. Regular body functions, and performance performance, are severely compromised if adequate levels of electrolytes are not present, especially in the heat and/or when physical activity continues over prolonged periods of time.

    To replenish lost electrolytes, a person ordinarily needs only to eat a regular diet that meets energy and nutrient needs. In extreme or demanding activities, electrolyte replacements may be needed. Continue reading

  • Electrolytes - Same as Salt? No.

    Salt is a key part of our health and life - The human body contains many salts, of which sodium chloride (AKA common table salt) is the major one, making up around 0.4 per cent of the body's weight at a concentration pretty well equivalent to that in seawater. So a 50kg person would contain around 200g of sodium chloride - around 40 teaspoons. Since we lose salt whenever we sweat, it has to be continually replaced.

    Just do the RIGHT kind of salts - like those found in electrolytes (http://www.firstaidmart.com/ca... - potassium chloride, calcium carbonate, and magnesium oxide)

    Always keep electrolytes on hand for replenishment! Always keep electrolytes on hand for replenishment!


    State and local health departments can work with restaurants to help reduce the amount of sodium in food and keep people healthier.

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