child safety

  • Look Before You Lock

    Extreme Heat creates dangers for all ages, from Heat and Heat Related Injuries and Illness to death. While we often focus on safety working in the heat, and staying hydrated, it's not all about adults and electrolytes... During Extreme Heat Week, we want to remind you that pets and children die when left in cars every year... Look Before You Lock!

    heat-graphic

    Sweating? ??

    Each year, dozens of children and untold numbers of pets left in parked vehicles die from hyperthermia. Hyperthermia is an acute condition that occurs when the body absorbs more heat than it can handle. Hyperthermia can occur even on a mild day. Studies have shown that the temperature inside a parked vehicle can rapidly rise to a dangerous level for children, pets and even adults. Leaving the windows slightly open does not significantly decrease the heating rate. The effects can be more severe on children because their bodies have not developed the ability to efficiently regulate its internal temperature.

    The sun's shortwave radiation (yellow in figure below) heats objects that it strikes.  For example, a dark dashboard or seat can easily reach temperatures in the range of 180 to over 200°F. These objects (e.g., dashboard, steering wheel, child seat) heat the adjacent air by conduction and convection and also give off longwave radiation (red in figure below) which is very efficient at warming the air trapped inside a vehicle. Shown below are time lapse photos of thermometer readings in a car over a period of less than an hour. As the animation shows, in just over 2 minutes the car went from a safe temperature to an unsafe temperature of 94.3°F. This demonstration shows just how quickly a vehicle can become a death trap for a child.

    Objects Heated by the Sun Warm Vehicle's Air

    parked vehicle
    CLICK HERE FOR ANIMATION (700K)
    ( Hi-Res ~ 2.5 mb.WMV file)
    Individual Frames:
    0 min, 10 min, 20 min, 30 min, 40 min, 50 min, 60 min
    Animation Courtesy of General Motors and San Francisco State University. Use of this animation does not imply NWS endorsement of services provided by General Motors and San Francisco State University.

    Hyperthermia deaths aren't confined to summer months. They also happen during the spring and fall. Below are just a few of MANY tragedies.

    • Honolulu, HI, March: A 3-year-old girl died when the father left her in a child seat for 1.5 hours while he visited friends in a Waikiki apartment building. The outside temperature was only 81 degrees.
    • North Augusta, SC, April: A mother left her a 15-month-old son in a car. He was in a car for 9 hours while his mom went to work. She is now serving a 20-year prison sentence.
    • Greenville, TX, December: A 6-month-old boy died after being left in a car for more than 2 hours by his mother. She was charged with murder. The temperature rose to an unseasonably warm 81 degrees on that day.

    Adults also susceptible to hyperthermia in vehicles. On July 12, 2001, a man died of heat stroke after falling asleep in his car with the windows rolled up in the parking lot of a supermarket in Hinds County, MS.

  • How your state rates on child passenger safety

    Baby on Board?

    Road injuries and accidents are the leading cause of unintentional deaths to children in the United States.

    Make sure you have all the Roadside and Auto Safety Gear you need BEFORE you hit the road! Make sure you have all the Roadside and Auto Safety Gear you need BEFORE you hit the road!

    Correctly used child safety seats can reduce the risk of death by as much as 71 percent. The latest Prevention Status Reports has ratings for your state on child passenger safety, additional motor vehicle injury prevention policies, and other important public health concerns.

    Is your child’s car seat registered? Safe Kids say Parents can register their new or currently used car seat, ensuring that they are promptly notified about future recalls and guided through the repair process. Here’s how:

    • Register online with your car manufacturer, using the information found on the information sticker on your car seat.
    • Fill out the registration card that came with your car seat. It’s pre-populated with your car seat’s information. Mail the card; no postage required.

    TIP:Take a photo of your car seat label and save it to your phone so you can have it handy.

    Baby in a back seat located child safety seat

  • Protecting Children From Scalds

    Just because Burn Week is over, doesn't mean awareness of scald dangers, and burn safety should end. Remember that 10,000 Children are Hospitalized with Burns and you should Prevent Scald Burns to Keep Your Family Safe.

    It may help you protect your children from scald injury if you think about it in three time frames:

    1. You can make some changes in your kitchen or bath area which will have a long-term impact.
    2. You can take certain steps right before children are in the area where you’re preparing hot food or beverages, and
    3. You can protect children while they’re in your immediate area when you are cooking and dining.

    While nothing can take the place of close supervision, certain household modifications can have a long-acting impact on scald injury risk to young children.

    • Draw the boundary of a “kid-free” zone on the floor or mark it with tape. At a very young age, children can understand “NO” when it refers to entering that zone.
    • Put away your tablecloths while children are little. Use placemats with a non-slip surface instead.
    • Use spill-resistant “travel mugs” as hot beverage containers. They have tight lids that can only be opened by pushing a lever.

    Here are some same-day steps you can take before small children are in the immediate area.

    • Keep friends, relatives, and sitters informed
    • Turn pan handles away from stove front
    • Observe safe microwave oven practices
    • Protect electric cooking appliances and cords

    Note especially the visitor rule:  When friends, relatives and babysitters arrive, you can tell them just what activities a small child is getting into lately involving the kitchen and dining areas. Even the most frequent visitors and caretakers may be unaware of recent growth progress that can place toddlers  even more at risk of scald injury.

    For example, household members may know they need to keep hot coffee cups off a low table a child has just learned to reach, but a visitor may not. If a toddler discovers and spills a cup of hot coffee placed on the table by a visitor, the resulting burn could cover a large area of a small child’s body and require burn center care.

    Be sure to turn pot handles away from the stove edge when you start cooking.

    Avoid using microwave ovens to heat baby bottles. And don’t allow young children to use microwave ovens themselves.

    Place electric cooking appliances where extension cords are not needed and keep appliance cords away from the counter edge.

    The following safety-oriented behaviors will further reduce the risk of scald injury when small children are right underfoot.

    Kid-Free-ZoneScald-safe child supervision

    • Supervise young children at all times
    • Encourage use of “kid-safe” zone
    • Never hold a child in your arm:

    –While preparing or serving hot food

    –While drinking a hot beverage

    • Keep hot food and liquids high and out of the reach of young children

    The best way to make household modifications and everyday preparations effective is to keep track of what young children are doing at all times. Inattention can undermine safety measures you’ve put in place.

    You’ve already taught children about the “kid-free” zone. While you’re cooking, encourage them to enjoy the “kid-safe” zone outside that area. For very young children, the best “kid-safe” place in the kitchen is a playpen or high chair.

    The most dangerous place may be in the arm or lap of an adult who is preparing or serving hot food or drinking a hot beverage. If a child bumps the arm holding the hot food or drink, the resulting spill could cause a serious injury.

    Keep hot food and liquids high and out of the reach of young children. Since microwave ovens do not always heat foods and beverages evenly, stir and test hot food portions before serving children.

    Burn Safety Supplies Burn Safety Supplies
  • 10,000 Children Hospitalized with Burns

    About 10,000 children are hospitalized annually with burn injuries... remember that burns don't only come from fire. During Burn Awareness Week this year, we want you to become more aware of scald hazards - from cooking, hot foods and liquids, steam and other risks like bathing. Every minute, someone in the United States suffers a burn injury serious enough to require treatment. Seniors and children are most affected by scald burn injuries, Older adults and babies have thinner skin so they’re at risk for deep burns at lower temperatures and short exposure times.

    Burn Safety Supplies Burn Safety Supplies

    There are many simple things you can do to help avoid these painful, disfiguring and potentially deadly injuries - beginning with preparedness to treat burns and awareness.

    Children:

    Lack of safe play areas for children can increase the risk of scald burns. Establish a “No Kids Zone” in the kitchen. Safe play areas should be out of the traffic path between the stove and sink, where children can play and be supervised.

    Keep all pot handles turned back away, away from the stove. Children may reach up and grab handles containing hot liquid or food

    Children often get scald burns when they spill cups of hot coffee, tea, and hot chocolate. Use lids when children are around to prevent burns

    Children can get burned when they grab hanging appliance cords that are caught in cabinets or wrapped around containers of hot food or liquids. Always make sure cords are secure and never in reach of children.

    It can happen in a flash with a splash. Hot liquid and steam burn like fire. Learn more at http://flashsplash.org

    Teaching Children that "red means 'No' or 'Stop' helps them avoid dangerous situations

    Hot&Cold

  • DATING MATTERS®: Understanding Teen Dating Violence Prevention!

    Teens grow up fast, and often start exploring adult ideas and activities without the necessary experience of education to temper their associated actions.

    Announcing the CDC's newest VetoViolence training: the updated DATING MATTERS®: Understanding Teen Dating Violence Prevention!

    Teen DatingA free, online course, DATING MATTERS® is available to educators, school personnel, youth mentors, and others dedicated to improving teen health.

    New Features Include

    • Fresh User Experience
    • Graphic Novel Scenarios
    • Interactive Exercises
    • Updated Resources

    Spread the Word

    Stop by the VetoViolence Facebook today and share our Dating Matters posts!

    Check out DATING MATTERS® today!

    Learn More

  • Youth violence can be prevented

    "" ALSO READ:

    Research and experience in communities show it is possible to prevent youth violence. Everyone has an important role in stopping youth violence before it starts. CDC's Preventing Youth Violence: Opportunities for Action [PDF 2.3MB] and its companion guide, Taking Action to Prevent Youth Violence [PDF 1.7MB], provide information and action steps to help each of us be a part of the solution.

  • National Youth Violence Prevention Week

    Everyone Has a Role in Stopping Youth Violence

    Help others be a positive influence on young people while stopping youth violence before it starts.

    What You Need to Know

    • More than 547,000 young people, ages 10 to 24, are treated in emergency departments each year for injuries from violence-related physical assaults. On average, 12 young people are victims of homicide each day in the United States.
    • Prevention strategies that are proving effective include school programs designed to benefit all youth by changing how they think about violence and by building skills to resolve problems.
    • Preventing Youth Violence: Opportunities for Action provides action steps for everyone to be part of the solution.

    National Youth Violence Prevention Week (March 23-27, 2015) is a time to show youth, parents, educators, and community leaders that youth violence is not an inevitable part of growing up. Youth violence can be prevented.

  • Halloween Fire Safety

    Halloween is nearly upon us - Be Scary but Safe! While Halloween in many areas is a festive time, it does come with fire hazards. By following some simple safety tips you can ensure a safe Halloween for you and your family.

    • IMG_5175Provide children with flashlights to carry for lighting or glow sticks.
    • When choosing a costume, stay away from long trailing fabric.
    • Choose costumes made out of material that won't easily ignite if it comes into contact with heat or flame.
    • If your child is wearing a mask, make sure the eye holes are large enough so they can clearly see out of them.
    • Keep decorations such as cornstalks, crepe paper and other flammable decorations away from all open flames and heat sources, including light bulbs, candles etc.
    • Use a glow stick or battery-operated candle in a jack-o-lantern. Make sure children are supervised at all times when candles are lit.
    •  Remember to always have working smoke alarms.

    MORE

  • Finding a Safe Daycare for Your Child

    An increasing number of families are now dual-income families, and with the economic woes that have befallen the States, and the world at large, this sociological trend will not be going away any time soon. This means that there is less time for parents to provide care for their children, as they are too busy making ends meet. Day care is becoming a necessity for more parents, but with the economic pressures compounded with the stress of day-to-day life with kids, some parents can too hastily enroll their kids in a program that could end up endangering them.

    Have you got Child and Infant First Aid Products Handy? Have you got Child and Infant First Aid Products Handy?

    The most recent day care horror story to be brought to the attention of parents is that of Maria Sosa who ran an unregulated day care and whose inattentiveness resulted in the drowning of a child she had been caring for for months. While this story is resulting in parents demanding more regulation and oversight of day care facilities, the fact remains that the vast majority of care facilities still are not certified, so, for now, parents themselves are responsible for doing the legwork in finding a safe facility.

    Although it is more costly, always to make sure that your day care is licensed. It is tempting to rely solely on your own network to decide on a daycare, or just opt for a daycare that your children’s friends frequent. Many recent day care horror stories can be traced back to unlicensed day cares, and there is a reason—they are often, but not always, run by people trying to make a quick buck, who don’t have your child’s care at heart. Even thoughtful caretakers who are unlicensed often don’t have the same set of skills to fall back on in the event of a tragedy, and that can cost lives.

    Kids First Aid Kits, Emergency & Child IDs Kids First Aid Kits, Emergency & Child IDs

    Day care licensing is pricey and tedious for many who are interested in starting a day care, but the laborious process ensures that only those who are really devoted to child care will be involved. Although requirements vary from state-to-state, licensed day cares provide not only safer care, but more educational and social development for your child.

    Licensed day cares generally require that everyone working there be CPR certified, meaning that if something goes wrong, your child’s caretaker will be prepared to handle a crisis. Furthermore, day care attendants at certified are normally required to pass a criminal background check to ensure that no attendants who have history of harmful criminal behavior can be in contact with your children.

    Moreover, take the time to tour the facility and investigate any possible health or safety hazards for your children. Also, keep a sharp eye on how the children at the facility behave and how they are dealt with. If the care attendants largely ignore the children in order to pay attention to you, you can bet they will do the same to your child when another client comes in, so make sure the workers have the right priority—kids!

    As a parent, you also have the right and responsibility to monitor your children and request more information if you feel uncomfortable with a situation. One of the most disturbing stories of 2013 is that of Heather Koon who worked at a day care in Ohio and was found guilty of sexually abusing several of the children at the day care where she worked. Koon slipped through the cracks as her actions were on behalf of her boyfriend—a registered sex offender—who got her to film her crimes This is a nightmare that no parent should face, so if you have questions, ask them!

    Although finding a great day care can cost a lot in money and time, your children and their development and well being are worth it. By investing the time and money now, you can ensure that your children are not only well cared for, but being equipped to get a head-start in life.

    Aaron Kramer is a retired security officer and wannabe novelist who currently writes with Instant Criminal Checks. Ever since he had his first child, he has been committed to sharing his knowledge in the field to help young parents and caretakers ensure the well being of their loved ones.me4kidz-new

  • Monday Safety Tip - Mercury

    Mercury• Mercury spills in schools are not only dangerous but also expensive to clean up.
    • Mercury exposure [PDF-1.1MB] can affect the nervous system, lungs, and kidneys of children. Serious cases can result in brain damage—and even death.
    • Help schools prepare for and prevent a mercury spill; visit the new Don’t Mess with Mercury website for educational materials and animated video messages.

    The Element Mercury:

    Mercury is a chemical element with the symbol Hg and atomic number 80. It is commonly known as quicksilver and was formerly named hydrargyrum. 

    • Symbol: Hg
    • Electron configuration: [Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s2
    • Discovered: 2000 BC
    • Melting point: -37.89°F (-38.83°C)
    • Atomic number: 80
    • Boiling point: 674.1°F (356.7°C)
    • Atomic mass: 200.59 ± 0.02 u

    Public Health Statement PDF PDF Version, 121 KB

    This Public Health Statement is the summary chapter from the Toxicological Profile for Mercury. It is one in a series of Public Health Statements about hazardous substances and their health effects. A shorter version, the ToxFAQs™, is also available. This information is important because this substance may harm you. The effects of exposure to any hazardous substance depend on the dose, the duration, how you are exposed, personal traits and habits, and whether other chemicals are present. For more information, call the ATSDR Information Center at 1-888-422-8737.

    This public health statement tells you about mercury and the effects of exposure.

    The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) identifies the most serious hazardous waste sites in the nation. These sites make up the National Priorities List (NPL) and are the sites targeted for long-term federal cleanup activities. Mercury has been found in at least 714 of the 1,467 current or former NPL sites. However, the total number of NPL sites evaluated for this substance is not known. As more sites are evaluated, the sites at which mercury is found may increase. This information is important because exposure to this substance may harm you and because these sites may be sources of exposure.

    When a substance is released from a large area, such as an industrial plant, or from a container, such as a drum or bottle, it enters the environment. This release does not always lead to exposure. You are exposed to a substance only when you come in contact with it. You may be exposed by breathing, eating, or drinking the substance or by skin contact.

    If you are exposed to mercury, many factors determine whether you'll be harmed. These factors include the dose (how much), the duration (how long), and how you come in contact with it. You must also consider the other chemicals to which you're exposed, as well as your age, sex, diet, family traits, lifestyle, and state of health.

    NOTE: First Aid Mart only sells Mercury-Free Thermometers

    Mercury is dangerous.
    Mercury poisoning can affect the nervous system, lungs, and kidneys. Serious cases can result in brain damage — and even death.
    There are still many sources of mercury in schools today.You may think that mercury is no longer a problem, but it’s still around. Some of the most common sources are:

    • Glass thermometers
    • Compact fluorescent light (CFL) bulbs
    • Medical equipment
    • Gauges and other science equipment
    • Thermostats, switches, and other electrical devices
    If mercury spills, you will have a serious problem on your hands. Mercury spills are dangerous — and they can be very difficult to clean up.

    • Most people get mercury poisoning by breathing in vapors.
    • It’s expensive to clean up a mercury spill. Costs of clean up have run as high as $750,000.
    • Cleanup efforts can disrupt your school’s schedule; you could lose valuable classroom time.

    That’s why prevention is so important.

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