burn care

  • How Hot is Hot?

    After spending the first week of the month discussing topics related to burns and scalds for Burn Week, we receive many questions about how hot various heat sources are. We dug in and found this in our OSHA 10 Hour Safety Training materials we created back in 2001... Here's a table of the common temperatures of work-related heat sources:Temperature Source

  • Winter Fires and Burns

    While Burn Awareness Week may have ended, Winter Fires and Burns should still be high on your list of safety concerns.

    Freezing Out Winter Fires

    As outside temperatures drop, houses heat up and burn injuries increase.

    Winter-Fire-3Death by fire is torturous, scary, and often preventable. One American dies every 2 hours and 42 minutes from a fire injury, with almost 3,000 annual deaths from residential fires. These numbers are pain-strikingly high, as burn injuries are second only to car accidents as America’s leading cause of accidental deaths. And, perhaps surprising to some, the number of patients arriving in burn injury treatment center increases during the cold, winter months.

    With blizzards currently blanketing cities in snow and ice, people rely on heaters more than ever to stay warm. Tragically, these same heaters cause an estimated 50,000 house fires every year- killing 150, injuring over 500 and costing over $300 million in property damage.

    In fact, residential fires are responsible for more deaths, injuries, and monetary property damage than all other fire types. Heating equipment is the second leading cause of home fires, second to cooking, and the most common cause of home fire deaths, according to the National Fire Protection Association.Winter-Fire

    While understandably focused on beating the freeze, it’s imperative everyone follows strict safety guidelines when warming up their home.

    Home Heating Safety Tips:

    1. All flammable materials should remain at least three feet away from heating equipment including furnaces, fireplaces, wood stoves, and portable space heaters.

    2. Implement a three-foot “kid-free” zone around fires and space heaters.

    3. Heating equipment and chimneys should be cleaned and inspected annually

    4. Space heaters should never be plugged into an extension cord or power strip

    5. Ensure fireplaces have a screen to stop flying sparks; cool ashes before placing in a metal container and store the container a safe distance from your home.

    6. Turn space heaters off when leaving a room or going to sleep

    7. Stationary heating equipment should be installed by a professional knowledgeable in local codes and manufacturer’s instructions.

    8. Periodically test smoke detector batteries and always have a fire extinguisher within easy reach

    Unfortunately, even the cautious may fall prey to a winter fire. California burn injury attorney Scott Liljegren has witnessed countless burn victims go through months of rehabilitation.

    “Even minor burns... no matter what the cause, are incredibly painful and difficult to heal,” Liljegren said. “Severe burns can leave permanent scars, limit movement, and often prevent people from returning to work...even minor burns can have a major impact on your life.”

    In the event of such burn injuries, he continued, there are immediate actions you may take.

    Immediate Treatment for Minor Burn Injuries:

    1. Flush burn area with room temperature water, not cold. Water alone or a mild soap is all you should you use to gently clean the injured area.

    2. Do not apply ice as it can cause tissue damage to burned skin

    3. Keep the injured are clean and dry while it heals. If needed, cover the burnt skin with a light bandage. Over-the-counter ointment may be applied to prevent the bandage from sticking to the skin.

    4. Stay away from folk remedies like applying butter; butter, for example, may increase the chance of infection in a severe burn.

    Winter-Fire-3While some minor burns may be suitably treated from your home it is always a good idea to visit a doctor to ensure the wound heals properly and no underlying infection develops.

    Heating equipment often causes serious and potentially fatal burn injuries requiring medical attention.

    Seek medical treatment if:

    1. A burn area is large or any blistering occurs

    2. There is extreme pain

    3. Any loss of sensation

    4. Burnt on the face, eyes, hands, or feet

    5. There’s any smoke inhalation from the fire exposure

    6. A burn does not appear to heal normal

    For more information of fire safety and prevention and statistics, visit the U.S. Fire Administration: Working for a Fire-Safe America.

    JMurrell writes on behalf of California burn lawyers of Liljegren Law Group and Safer-America.

    Burn Safety Supplies Burn Safety Supplies
  • Burn Care

    Here we are at the end of Burn Awareness Week. We've discuss the importance of  Keeping Your Family Safe and provided a Checklist To Prevent Scald Burns and other burn avoidance tips, we explained how seniors and children are at the highest risk of scalds injuries, and even looked at Cooking Safety tips to avoid these injuries in the kitchen.

    Now what do you do if you get scalded or burnt despite good precautionary measures?

    Read Burn First Aid – What to put on a burn & How to treat burns to learn what to to.

    Burn Care

    Burn Safety Supplies Burn Safety Supplies

    Burns happen unexpectedly and abruptly; they need to be treated promptly! Our Burn Care supplies and kits are designed to treat a variety of burns, effective, and fast-acting. Prepare yourself for these injuries so that you can jump-start the healing process before medical professionals can provide aid.

  • Cooking Safety for Older Adults

    After Children, Seniors are the group that suffer the most scald injuries and Emergency Room visits resultant thereof. For Burn Awareness Week, we'd like to share some Kitchen Tips for avoiding these painful and dangerous burns:Cooking


    • Use oven mitts, not towels, to handle hot pots and pans
    • Use caution when cooking with grease – keep burner on a low to medium setting and keep a pan lid in reach
    • Make sure smoke alarms are in place on each level of your home and replace batteries every 6 months
    • Have an escape plan if fire breaks out in the home – “two ways out” should always be available
    • Have Burn First Aid Supplies, or a Burn First Aid Kit in the Kitchen



    • Wear clothing with loose or large sleeves while cooking
    • Leave food cooking on the stove unattended
    • Pour water on a grease fire – use a lid to smother the flames
    • Cook when you are sleepy or have taken medications that make you drowsy
    • Ever heat your home using the warmth from a kitchen oven or stove

    The fact is that Older Adults are at higher risk of suffering an injury from burns. Adults ages 65+ are twice as likely to die in home fires, and Adults 85+ years are four times more likely to die from a burn injury.

    If a burn injury does happen...

    1. Cool the burn with COOL (not cold, and never ice) water to stop the burning process
    2. Remove all clothing and jewelry from the injured area
    3. Apply an FDA approved burn remedy if available, but never a greasy or oily ointment, nor any "home remedies" like butter which can seal in the heat, and create more damage
    4. Cover the area with clean dry sheet or bandages
    5. Seek medical attention
  • More scald and burn avoidance tips...

    As we near the end of Burn Awareness Week, we want to cover a few more general Burn Safety Tips - we have covered scalds, and specifics issues for children and older adults... here are some good general tips:

    Every year in the US 450,000 people receive medical treatment for burn injuries.

    Did you know? Tap water scalds are often more severe than cooking related scalds. But while cooking related scalds may cover a smaller surface area of skin than tap water scalds, they are often deeper burns

    Scald burns can result in immense pain, prolonged treatment, lifelong scarring, and even death.

    During mealtime, always place hot items in the center of the table away from the edge to prevent spilling hot liquids and food.

    To avoid scald burns while bathing, fill the tub to you desired level and turn water off before getting in. Run cool water first, and then add hot.  Turn hot water off first.  This can also prevent scalding in the event someone should fall in while the tub is filling.

    Steam reaching temperatures greater than 200°F builds rapidly in covered containers. When removing lids from hot foods, lift the cover or lid away from your face and arms to avoid burns from steam contact.

    If you can’t stand the heat, get out of the kitchen. 85-90% of scald burns are from cooking, drinking, or serving hot liquids

    ScaldSpills from coffee and other hot beverages can cause burns serious enough to require skin graft surgery... It takes only one second to get a third degree burn from coffee!

    It takes only 2 seconds of exposure to 148°F/64°C water to cause a burn serious enough to require surgery! Coffee is often served at 175°F/79°C, making it high-risk for causing immediate severe scald burns.

    A safe temperature for a bath is 100°F. Although the most common maximum temperature of water delivered by residential water heaters is 120°F, 120°F is an upper safety limit—not a target to be aimed at. At 120°F, it takes only 5 minutes of exposure for adults to have a full thickness burn. Save your skin and wallet by setting your water thermostat at a lower temperature.

    It can happen in a flash with a splash. Hot liquid and steam burn like fire. Learn more at http://flashsplash.org

    Also read: Burns? 5 Easy StepsTypes of Burns, & Burn First Aid – What to put on a burn & How to treat burns

  • Seniors and Scalding Burn Injuries

    Aside from perception and mobility hazards, older adults can be at greater risk of scald burn injuries, as poor microcirculation can also cause deeper and more serious burns.

    For Burn Awareness Week, we would like to share some precautions to take to help reduce burn and scald injuries in Seniors:

    Senior~ Older adults may have conditions that make them more prone to falls in the bathtub, shower, or while carrying hot liquids. Provide a bell or whistle for people who may need assistance to call for help while bathing and install grab bars and non-slip mats. Older adults (and people with certain medical conditions) may not be able to escape scalding water on their own. Provide a way for them to call for help, especially in the bathroom

    ~ Mobility impairments, slow or awkward movements, muscle weakness, fatigue, or slower reflexes increase the risk of spills and burns.

    ~ Moving hot liquids can be extremely difficult for someone who uses a cane or walker.

    ~ Certain medications can decrease a person’s ability to feel heat and they may burn themselves without knowing. Sensory impairments, changes in a person’s perception, memory, judgment, or awareness may hinder their ability to recognize burn dangers.

    ~ Tablecloths can also become tangled in crutches, walkers, or wheelchairs. Use non-slip placemats instead of tablecloths.

    ~ Burns on the lap are common when a person attempts to carry hot liquids while seated in a wheelchair. Use a large sturdy serving tray with raised edges to transfer food from the stove to the table if you or someone have mobility impairments or are unsteady or shaky.


  • 10,000 Children Hospitalized with Burns

    About 10,000 children are hospitalized annually with burn injuries... remember that burns don't only come from fire. During Burn Awareness Week this year, we want you to become more aware of scald hazards - from cooking, hot foods and liquids, steam and other risks like bathing. Every minute, someone in the United States suffers a burn injury serious enough to require treatment. Seniors and children are most affected by scald burn injuries, Older adults and babies have thinner skin so they’re at risk for deep burns at lower temperatures and short exposure times.

    Burn Safety Supplies Burn Safety Supplies

    There are many simple things you can do to help avoid these painful, disfiguring and potentially deadly injuries - beginning with preparedness to treat burns and awareness.


    Lack of safe play areas for children can increase the risk of scald burns. Establish a “No Kids Zone” in the kitchen. Safe play areas should be out of the traffic path between the stove and sink, where children can play and be supervised.

    Keep all pot handles turned back away, away from the stove. Children may reach up and grab handles containing hot liquid or food

    Children often get scald burns when they spill cups of hot coffee, tea, and hot chocolate. Use lids when children are around to prevent burns

    Children can get burned when they grab hanging appliance cords that are caught in cabinets or wrapped around containers of hot food or liquids. Always make sure cords are secure and never in reach of children.

    It can happen in a flash with a splash. Hot liquid and steam burn like fire. Learn more at http://flashsplash.org

    Teaching Children that "red means 'No' or 'Stop' helps them avoid dangerous situations


  • A Checklist To Prevent Scald Burns - Keep Your Family Safe

    • MicroSet your water heater at 120 degrees F/48 degrees C, or just below the medium setting.
    • Use a thermometer to test the water coming out of your bath water tap.
    • Run your hand through bath water to test for hot spots.
    • Use back burners and turn pot handles toward the back of the stove so children cannot pull them down.
    • Use oven mitts when cooking or handling hot food and drinks.
    • Place microwaves at a safe height, within easy reach, for all users to avoid spills and burns and handle food safely. The face of the person using the microwave should always be higher than the front door to prevent burns. Children under age 7 should not use microwaves unless supervised
    • Stir and test food cooked in the microwave before serving. Open heated containers away from you from back to front.
    • Keep children away from the stove when cooking by using a safety gate for younger children and marking with tape a 3-foot "no-kid zone" for older children.
    • Keep hot drinks away from the edge of tables and counters and avoid using tablecloths and place mats.
    • Use a "travel mug" with a tight-fitting lid for all hot drinks.
    • Never hold or carry a child while you have a hot drink in your hand.

    Burn Week

  • Burn Week

    Burn Awareness Week, begins tomorrow - this year the focus will be on scalds, which are a hot-coffeecommon burn type in business as well as in the home. Scalds are easily preventable, and also easily overlooked as the risk of serious injury is apparently low, when in reality a water scald of just 2 seconds at 148°F (64°C) can create enough damage to require surgery,

    How would you get a scald at the high temperature? It's not really that high. The medium setting on your water heater is already over 120°F (48°C) and boiling water (fixing pasta?) is 212°F (100°C.)

    Be scald aware... set your water heater just below medium, keep pot handles turned in when cooking, and thing about heat and the danger it represents.

  • Burns? 5 Easy Steps

    Nobody is a stranger to burns. Most burns are minor injuries that occur while at work or at home. However, burns can be very serious, permanently damaging (even minor ones when not cared for properly) and even lethal.

    it is important to know those few basic steps that could help heal the injury effectively.

    Here is what you should do:

    1. Remove the Burn source. If Electrical, shit off the power, If fire, smother the flames by covering them with a blanket or water. (never water if electrical or grease fire, though!) If clothing catches fire, never run. Instead, stop, drop, and roll on the ground to smother the flames.

    2. Cool the burn for about 10 - 20 minutes by holding under cool, running water. Never use ice.

    3. Do a thorough check-up for other harm, as the burn may not be the only injury.

    4. Remove any jewelry or clothing at the site of the burn. If the clothing is adhered to the burn, do not remove it. Carefully cut around the stuck fabric to remove what you can without damaging the burnt tissue. (Jewelry may be difficult to remove later if swelling occurs, so be sure to take off early in treatment.)

    5. Apply specific burn treatment medications if available, but never any "home remedies". Cover the burn with a clean, dry cloth to reduce the risk of infection.

    Beware of possible Shock symptoms and seek professional help as burn injuries can be more serious than they appear.

    Read more: BurnsBurn SafetyTypes of BurnsBurn First Aid – What to put on a burn & How to treat burns



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