ADA

  • Safety Tips for Special Needs

    Persons with Special Needs, once referred to as "Disabled" are unique in that they face several challenges and hardships in their daily life. A person confined to a wheelchair may seem like an easy prey to criminals and robbers. A disability can denote a physical limitation of any kind. One may be deaf, blind, mute or confined to a wheelchair due to mobility issues. Having limitations should never make one vulnerable or insecure. Physical capacity may have limitations, but that in no way means a person in this situation is defenseless.

    Let’s have a look at some of the basic safety tricks to have up your sleeve to give a nasty surprise to those who might attack you and to keep yourself safe in general.

    Learn Martial Arts

    These may seem like an impossible suggestion, but most of the martial art forms can be mastered by disabled people. A martial art involves the study of the mind, body and spirit in equal parts to form a powerful whole. What the body can’t do the spirit makes up for.

    The techniques and tactics involved in martial arts do not place undue stress on your physical ability. You can use the force and power of your attacker to your own benefit. Also you get to know of the pressure points on the body which can instantly weaken a person, if hit there. So try to enroll yourself for a class with a trained and willing teacher, and get transformed into a karate Black Belt.

    Use Personal Alarms

    These are very helpful to have if you are venturing out late in the night or stepping out on your own. The alarm used by joggers or the common audio alarm works fine. A flashlight can also help you raise an alarm in case of any untoward incident. You need to be extra careful while leaving a mall and entering its huge parking lot. These are deserted places and you may be isolated and alone. Don’t hesitate to ask an attender for help. Always keep in mind to inform your spouse or friend of your whereabouts.

    Carry a Pepper Spray

    The pepper spray is quite a useful and handy weapon when it comes to personal safety. The hot contents can cause intense burning and pain in the eyes, difficulty in breathing and disorientation. You spray it right into your attacker’s face and he will be out of action for a while.

    The effect causes a temporary loss of vision and the feeling of being sprayed upon is pretty much like being ‘set alight’. Once the job is done make sure you get away from the place as soon as possible. Pepper sprays come in compact sizes and can easily fit in your pocket or hand bag. This is an effective weapon in warding off assailants and thugs, but do check if carrying a pepper spray on you is legal in your part of the country.

    Pepper spray enables you to defend yourself while keeping a safe distance from an attacker. A one second burst to the face will ca....
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    Stun Them with a Stun Gun or a Taser

    Stun guns are widely used self-defense weapons. They deliver high volts of electricity that can cause excruciating pain, temporary immobility, and disorientation. The use of a stun gun gives you enough time to raise an alarm or get away.

    A Taser is more sophisticated than a stun gun. It can temporarily immobilize the attacker and put him out of action. The Taser is an electroshock weapon and can disrupt the voluntary control a person has over his muscular movements. The weapon releases two dart-like electrodes or probes that can travel up to 15 feet. They can pierce through thick clothing and get lodged underneath the skin, and the barbed shape makes them difficult to remove.

    Safety and security should be accounted for at all times. There are innumerable minor threats and dangers hidden in the comforts of your homes as well. Here are A few tips you can follow to keep yourself safe at home.

    1) Remove All-Scatter Rugs - They pose a constant danger of slipping and tripping. If you use a wheelchair they may get entangled in the wheels or they may slip while an elderly person walks on them, leading to a fall. Loop pile carpeting is suitable for wheelchair use.

    2) Do Away with Skidding Wax and Floor Cleaners – The use of wax on floors increases the chances of a fall. Slippery floor cleaners should also be avoided.

    3) Optimum Lighting - Always use bright lights and lamps that make it easy to see obstacles or objects in the way. This makes it convenient for you to see your way around the house. Properly-lit kitchens reduce the possibility of burns and cuts. Bathrooms should also be well lit. The stairways and ramps should have bright lighting to reduce the possibility of a fall.

    4) Safe Bathrooms - Bathrooms are always wet and moist. Slippery floors, shower cubicles and bath tubs increase the danger of slips and falls. Textured bathmats help reduce the danger of slipping to a great extent. Toilet seats should be adjusted to your convenience and ease of use. Inside-tub seating arrangements and hand showers make it convenient for wheelchair users. Grab bars and guard rails should be placed next to the pot, the bath tub, and wherever necessary to ensure safety.

    5) Ramps Ensure Accessibility - Ramps or gradual slopes are essential for wheelchair users to gain accessibility. They can replace stairs and steps, or be a part of an accessible route in your building or home. Handrails should be fitted for ease of use and safety.

    Conclusion

    Safety and security should always be of primary concern to the disabled and physically challenged. With proper precautions and good planning most of the dangers and threats can be strongly dealt with.

  • Safety Tips for Mobility Impaired Employees

    Health and Safety of their employees should be a company's prime focus. Employers are responsible for the safety of everyone at their workplace, but an employee must also be aware of the various aspects that will keep him/her safe at the workplace. It is the employer's duty to take the necessary steps and make arrangements for a safe environment for all his employees. Though a large percentage of employees is capable of operating safely in a workplace, there are some,who face certain disability issues who may face difficulties.

    ADADisabled employees, may need extra attention than other employees at a particular workplace. Their special needs should be taken care of by making the workplace easily accessible and safe for them. It is important to remember that every person with a disability has certain specific limitations and associated requirements, so it is important to address their needs accordingly.

    Basic arrangements like acquiring or modifying necessary equipment is one of the primary changes to be made. For example, employees who are visually impaired, should be provided with Braille keyboards. The firm may need to get new or adapt existing equipment, for example chairs desks, computers, etc. for the benefit of the employee. These changes will ensure disabled employees can be as comfortable and productive as abled employees, and they think of themselves as an integral part of the workplace.

    The following factors can help the firm make better arrangements for disabled clients or visitors, as and when required.

    Moving Around in Workplace

    One of the major areas of concern for disabled employees, deals with movement. Many disabled employees may face a major problem in moving around in the work place. They are unable to move from one desk to another without proper support.

    One solution for this issue is the use of mobility scooters. These are electric scooters that can move from one place to another effortlessly. Its compact size allows this scooter to navigate through even the tightest spaces and provide a stable riding experience; this make such scooters a suitable choice for a workplace.

    More space for the wheelchair or mobility scooters

    Manual wheelchair users need sufficient space to be able to move their assistive device without banging their elbows or knuckles on door frames or other obstacles. Someone who is able to walk only with the help of crutches also needs more space as compared to somebody who doesn't need any kind of assistance while walking. Thus providing adequate clear space on stairs, lifts, ramps, in and around the buildings and through the doorways etc, will benefit many people.

    Placement of fittings

    The height of the switchboards, handles etc, - which the wheelchair users have to reach is also important. As a general rule any feature that is intended for use by people in wheelchairs, such as push buttons, switches, coin slots etc, should be of appropriate height above ground level. They must be placed in such a position that by leaning forward or sideways it is possible for a wheelchair user to reach them easily.

    The signage at the workplace might also need modifications, for e.g. if you want to make the signage disabled friendly, a bigger text will be appropriate. Installing both visual and audible alarms is also equally important.

    In case of an emergency

    Mobility impaired employees should be of first concern in case of emergency evacuation. People using wheelchairs or with other obvious mobility issues come immediately to mind; but, there are many who may not appear to have a disability, but will require some special assistance. Permanent conditions such as arthritis or temporary conditions such as a sprained ankle or a broken leg can limit one's ability to evacuate quickly and safely during an emergency. People suffering from heart disease, emphysema, asthma, or pregnancy might need assistance when moving down the many flights of stairs. You need to keep the needs of the disabled uppermost in your minds while thinking about the ways and means to be utilized for emergency evacuation.

    End words

    Something else that is important and which is very much a part of safety considerations for disabled employees is that every staff should be ready to accept the disabled employees with equality. Proper instructions and specific information regarding the safety issues of the disabled employees should be provided to the management and staff. Disability equality training is advisable for all, and it allows them to embrace diversity in workspace.

    While the employer is required to make reasonable changes to his work place, the employee himself is also equally responsible for his health and safety. He should abide by the health and safety rules given by the company. It also his duty to ensure that his condition does not become a hindrance to others.

  • ADA, Title 24, The Americans with Disabilities Act

    The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) was signed into law 23 years ago today. ADA provides civil rights protections to individuals with disabilities and ensures equal opportunity in employment; public accommodations; public transportation; state and local government services; and telecommunications.USAVisit Disability.gov for information on disability programs and services throughout the nation. Disability.gov links to resources from federal, state, and local government; academic institutions; and nonprofit organizations.  Continue reading

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