If a safe room in not available during a hurricane, the best protective action is to evacuate before the hurricane makes landfall. Otherwise, seek the best available shelter:

  • Go to a small, interior, windowless room such as a closet or bathroom on the lowest level of a sturdy building; for a hurricane, make sure the room is not subject to flooding;
  • Cover yourself with any materials that may provide protection from debris, such as cushions, a sleeping bag, or a blanket; and
  • Kneel down and bend over into a ball, and cover your head and neck with your arms.

To learn more about how to protect yourself and your family during severe weather, read:

Safe Rooms are a good way to protect you and your family or employees from hurricanes or tornadoes. Having a safe room for your home or business can help provide “near-absolute protection”  from injury or death caused by the dangerous forces of extreme winds.

ShelterTaking Shelter from the Storm, Building a Safe Room For Your Home or Small Business, FEMA P-320, now in its fourth edition, helps home or small business owners assess their risk and determine the best type of safe room for their needs. FEMA P-320 includes safe room designs and shows you and your builder/contractor or local design professional how to construct a safe room for your home or small business. Design options include safe rooms located inside or outside of a new home or small business. To learn more about safe rooms, visit You can also check out this list of FAQs.