Plastic bags are one of the handiest home items utilized throughout the world. They are easy to create. Plastic bags begin as out as plastic pellets or resin. After the pellets are melted inside the warmed chamber of a plastic extrusion machine, the plastic melt is pushed out being a slim roll of plastic film. The plastic film can be produced in varying colors with the addition of colored pellets into the plastic melt. After extrusion, the plastic film is rolled collectively and later unwound and fed into a printing machine using many rollers in series (each printing cyan, magenta, yellow, and black color). The film is normally finally covered and cut after printing prepared for make use of as shopping bags, coffee cups, pouches, etc. The only issue with plastic bag is that normally they are non-biodegradable. In 2003, the EPA estimated that between 500 billion to 1 1 trillion plastic bags are consumed world-wide each year. Of these, less than 1% (50 to 500 million) of these plastic bags are recycled due to the higher costs involved with re-pelletizing plastic bags into reusable resin. Plastic bags usually end up in the world's oceans as sea litter. Dumped into lakes, streams, drains and sewage pipes, many find their way as far north to the island of Spitzbergen in the Arctic Circle and as far south as the Falkland Islands in South America. Oceangoing vessels are also seriously involved in ocean littering.  According to a written report form the united states National Academy of Sciences, these vessels dump more than 3.5 million liters of plastic annually. Not only does plastic kill sea life, in addition they toxify the oceans as the poisonous chemicals in them leach out in to the environment. Achim Steiner, the professional director of the U.N. environmental system, produced an urgent appeal: "Single use plastic luggage which choke marine existence, ought to be banned or phased out quickly all over the place. There is simply zero justification for production them any longer, anywhere." reSince then, many cities have "Banned" use of these nags - for instance our town of Encinitas has made these bags a "purchase" item with stores required to charge 10-15¢ per bag to induce more shoppers to bring reusable bags (it works!) The response of manufacturers of plastic bags to lessen the depletion of even more natural assets was the recycling of plastic bags into resin in order that even more bags could be produced. Their goal was to increase the recycled content of plastic bags over another few years by 40%.  It is estimated that recycling plastic bags can decrease the bag litter by as much 136 million kilograms per year. As governments work out methods to lessen the effect of plastic hand bags on the surroundings, each of us can do his / her part to greatly help recycle plastic litter. Or even better - just find alternatives like cloth and post-consumer waste material reusable bags. Also read: New EPA / Chemical Safety Bill