It's time to the about Heat Related Injuries again! HEAT EXHASTION Symptoms: Heavy sweating Weakness Cool, pale, clammy skin Fast, weak pulse Possible muscle cramps Dizziness Nausea or vomiting Fainting First Aid: Move person to a cooler environment Lay person down and loosen clothing Apply cool, wet cloths to as much of the body as possible Fan or move victim to air conditioned room Offer sips of water If person vomits more than once, seek immediate medical attention. HEAT STROKE Symptoms: Altered mental state One or more of the following symptons: throbbing headache, confusion, nausea, dizziness, shallow breathing Body temperature above 103°F Hot, red, dry or moist skin Rapid and strong pulse Faints, loses consciousness First Aid: Heat stroke is a severe medical emergency. Call 911 or get the victim to a hospital immediately. Delay can be fatal. Move the victim to a cooler, preferably air-conditioned, environment. Reduce body temperature with cool cloths or bath. Use fan if heat index temperatures are below the high 90s. A fan can makes you hotter at higher temperatures. Do NOT give fluids. HEAT CRAMPS Heat cramps may be the first sign of heat-related illness, and may lead to heat exhaustion or stroke. Symptoms: Painful muscle cramps and spasms usually in legs and abdomen Heavy sweating First Aid: Apply firm pressure on cramping muscles or gently massage to relieve spasm. Give sips of water unless the person complains of nausea, then stop giving water