Heat and Heat Related Injuries and Illness ??

It's time to the about Heat Related Injuries again!



Heavy sweating
Cool, pale, clammy skin
Fast, weak pulse
Possible muscle cramps
Nausea or vomiting

First Aid:

Move person to a cooler environment
Lay person down and loosen clothing
Apply cool, wet cloths to as much of the body as possible
Fan or move victim to air conditioned room
Offer sips of water
If person vomits more than once, seek immediate medical attention.



Altered mental state
One or more of the following symptons: throbbing headache, confusion, nausea, dizziness, shallow breathing
Body temperature above 103°F
Hot, red, dry or moist skin
Rapid and strong pulse
Faints, loses consciousness

First Aid:

Heat stroke is a severe medical emergency. Call 911 or get the victim to a hospital immediately. Delay can be fatal.
Move the victim to a cooler, preferably air-conditioned, environment.
Reduce body temperature with cool cloths or bath.
Use fan if heat index temperatures are below the high 90s. A fan can makes you hotter at higher temperatures.
Do NOT give fluids.


Heat cramps may be the first sign of heat-related illness, and may lead to heat exhaustion or stroke.


Painful muscle cramps and spasms usually in legs and abdomen
Heavy sweating

First Aid:

Apply firm pressure on cramping muscles or gently massage to relieve spasm.
Give sips of water unless the person complains of nausea, then stop giving water

Heat Stress & Heat-Related Illness Heat Stress & Heat-Related Illness

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