Burn First Aid & Safety

  • Fire Safety is for Everyone (?)

    Fire-SafetyWhile Fire Safety is a basic knowledge that should be available to everyone, often fire safety messaging misses target reaching lower income Americans,

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    fire-safety-reachReaching Hard-to-Reach Audiences with Fire Safety Messages

    Join the U.S. Fire Administration’s (USFA) webinar, Is Your Message Reaching Your Intended Audience?

    Fire departments across the country have seen a slow, steady decline of fire deaths over the past decade. However, in most cases, safety messages are not reaching those who need them most, people with limited education and finances.

    This webinar explores how to effectively reach audiences, address perceptions, and change behavior through effective messages. A well-crafted message misses the mark if it does not reach its intended audience due to packaging and/or placement.

    fire_is_everyones_fightDate: March 23, 2016

    2:00 - 3:00 p.m. Eastern Daylight Time (EDT)
    1:00 - 2:00 p.m. Central Daylight Time (CDT)


    The event is a part of the Fire is Everyone’s Fight™ Webinar Series.  There is no cost and attendance is limited. Register today.

  • Chemical Burns

    Chemical burns are still a type of burn that requires Burn First Aid, but these have certain special nuances to consider:


    What to do:

    • CHECK the scene to make certain it is safe for you to enter as a rescuer and then check the person for any other more immediate life-threatening issues.
    • Send someone to CALL 9-1-1 or the local emergency number.
    • Get permission to give care if the casualty is a conscious adult.

    For a dry chemical:

    • Brush dry chemicals off the skin with a gloved hand before flushing with large amounts of cool water.
    • Take care not to get any in your eyes or the eyes of the person.
    • Remove jewelry and contaminated clothing that may trap chemicals against the skin or on which chemicals may have spilled.

    For a wet chemical:

    • Flush affected areas with larger amounts of cool running water for at least 20 minutes or until EMS personnel take over.
    • Always flush away from the body.

    Learn more about Burns & Gas and Chemical Safety

    Burn Safety Supplies Burn Safety Supplies
  • Fireplace Glass Door Safety

    Fireplace-Glass_DoorWe often think about fire safety when it comes to fireplaces, but what about Burns?

    Contact burns , especially to the hands, can happen in an instant. It is recommended that fireplaces with glass doors not be used while children are present.

    Glass-fronted gas fireplaces can reach 392°F/ 200°C within 6.5 minutes of ignition and remain dangerously hot for more than 12 minutes after the unit is turned off.

    Existing glass fireplace doors should be retrofitted with barrier screens or hearth steps.

    Burn Safety Supplies Burn Safety Supplies
  • Gas and Chemical Safety

    In the workplace we talk about gasses and chemical safety often - but what about out and about in life?

    GasWhen transporting gasoline, make sure that it is stored in an approved container with the lid tightly closed. If you are in a car, keep the container in the trunk and keep the trunk lid ajar for ventilation.

    NEVER store gasoline in the house or garage! Keep it locked up and out of the reach of children at all times.

    Closely read and follow all chemical safety directions on product labels.

    Always store gasoline and chemicals in appropriate containers in a cool and well-ventilated area. Keep away from any source of heat or sparks, such as a water heater, electric motor or car engine.

    Read more related articles:

  • Protecting Children From Scalds

    Just because Burn Week is over, doesn't mean awareness of scald dangers, and burn safety should end. Remember that 10,000 Children are Hospitalized with Burns and you should Prevent Scald Burns to Keep Your Family Safe.

    It may help you protect your children from scald injury if you think about it in three time frames:

    1. You can make some changes in your kitchen or bath area which will have a long-term impact.
    2. You can take certain steps right before children are in the area where you’re preparing hot food or beverages, and
    3. You can protect children while they’re in your immediate area when you are cooking and dining.

    While nothing can take the place of close supervision, certain household modifications can have a long-acting impact on scald injury risk to young children.

    • Draw the boundary of a “kid-free” zone on the floor or mark it with tape. At a very young age, children can understand “NO” when it refers to entering that zone.
    • Put away your tablecloths while children are little. Use placemats with a non-slip surface instead.
    • Use spill-resistant “travel mugs” as hot beverage containers. They have tight lids that can only be opened by pushing a lever.

    Here are some same-day steps you can take before small children are in the immediate area.

    • Keep friends, relatives, and sitters informed
    • Turn pan handles away from stove front
    • Observe safe microwave oven practices
    • Protect electric cooking appliances and cords

    Note especially the visitor rule:  When friends, relatives and babysitters arrive, you can tell them just what activities a small child is getting into lately involving the kitchen and dining areas. Even the most frequent visitors and caretakers may be unaware of recent growth progress that can place toddlers  even more at risk of scald injury.

    For example, household members may know they need to keep hot coffee cups off a low table a child has just learned to reach, but a visitor may not. If a toddler discovers and spills a cup of hot coffee placed on the table by a visitor, the resulting burn could cover a large area of a small child’s body and require burn center care.

    Be sure to turn pot handles away from the stove edge when you start cooking.

    Avoid using microwave ovens to heat baby bottles. And don’t allow young children to use microwave ovens themselves.

    Place electric cooking appliances where extension cords are not needed and keep appliance cords away from the counter edge.

    The following safety-oriented behaviors will further reduce the risk of scald injury when small children are right underfoot.

    Kid-Free-ZoneScald-safe child supervision

    • Supervise young children at all times
    • Encourage use of “kid-safe” zone
    • Never hold a child in your arm:

    –While preparing or serving hot food

    –While drinking a hot beverage

    • Keep hot food and liquids high and out of the reach of young children

    The best way to make household modifications and everyday preparations effective is to keep track of what young children are doing at all times. Inattention can undermine safety measures you’ve put in place.

    You’ve already taught children about the “kid-free” zone. While you’re cooking, encourage them to enjoy the “kid-safe” zone outside that area. For very young children, the best “kid-safe” place in the kitchen is a playpen or high chair.

    The most dangerous place may be in the arm or lap of an adult who is preparing or serving hot food or drinking a hot beverage. If a child bumps the arm holding the hot food or drink, the resulting spill could cause a serious injury.

    Keep hot food and liquids high and out of the reach of young children. Since microwave ovens do not always heat foods and beverages evenly, stir and test hot food portions before serving children.

    Burn Safety Supplies Burn Safety Supplies
  • How Hot is Hot?

    After spending the first week of the month discussing topics related to burns and scalds for Burn Week, we receive many questions about how hot various heat sources are. We dug in and found this in our OSHA 10 Hour Safety Training materials we created back in 2001... Here's a table of the common temperatures of work-related heat sources:Temperature Source

  • Winter Fires and Burns

    While Burn Awareness Week may have ended, Winter Fires and Burns should still be high on your list of safety concerns.

    Freezing Out Winter Fires

    As outside temperatures drop, houses heat up and burn injuries increase.

    Winter-Fire-3Death by fire is torturous, scary, and often preventable. One American dies every 2 hours and 42 minutes from a fire injury, with almost 3,000 annual deaths from residential fires. These numbers are pain-strikingly high, as burn injuries are second only to car accidents as America’s leading cause of accidental deaths. And, perhaps surprising to some, the number of patients arriving in burn injury treatment center increases during the cold, winter months.

    With blizzards currently blanketing cities in snow and ice, people rely on heaters more than ever to stay warm. Tragically, these same heaters cause an estimated 50,000 house fires every year- killing 150, injuring over 500 and costing over $300 million in property damage.

    In fact, residential fires are responsible for more deaths, injuries, and monetary property damage than all other fire types. Heating equipment is the second leading cause of home fires, second to cooking, and the most common cause of home fire deaths, according to the National Fire Protection Association.Winter-Fire

    While understandably focused on beating the freeze, it’s imperative everyone follows strict safety guidelines when warming up their home.

    Home Heating Safety Tips:

    1. All flammable materials should remain at least three feet away from heating equipment including furnaces, fireplaces, wood stoves, and portable space heaters.

    2. Implement a three-foot “kid-free” zone around fires and space heaters.

    3. Heating equipment and chimneys should be cleaned and inspected annually

    4. Space heaters should never be plugged into an extension cord or power strip

    5. Ensure fireplaces have a screen to stop flying sparks; cool ashes before placing in a metal container and store the container a safe distance from your home.

    6. Turn space heaters off when leaving a room or going to sleep

    7. Stationary heating equipment should be installed by a professional knowledgeable in local codes and manufacturer’s instructions.

    8. Periodically test smoke detector batteries and always have a fire extinguisher within easy reach

    Unfortunately, even the cautious may fall prey to a winter fire. California burn injury attorney Scott Liljegren has witnessed countless burn victims go through months of rehabilitation.

    “Even minor burns... no matter what the cause, are incredibly painful and difficult to heal,” Liljegren said. “Severe burns can leave permanent scars, limit movement, and often prevent people from returning to work...even minor burns can have a major impact on your life.”

    In the event of such burn injuries, he continued, there are immediate actions you may take.

    Immediate Treatment for Minor Burn Injuries:

    1. Flush burn area with room temperature water, not cold. Water alone or a mild soap is all you should you use to gently clean the injured area.

    2. Do not apply ice as it can cause tissue damage to burned skin

    3. Keep the injured are clean and dry while it heals. If needed, cover the burnt skin with a light bandage. Over-the-counter ointment may be applied to prevent the bandage from sticking to the skin.

    4. Stay away from folk remedies like applying butter; butter, for example, may increase the chance of infection in a severe burn.

    Winter-Fire-3While some minor burns may be suitably treated from your home it is always a good idea to visit a doctor to ensure the wound heals properly and no underlying infection develops.

    Heating equipment often causes serious and potentially fatal burn injuries requiring medical attention.

    Seek medical treatment if:

    1. A burn area is large or any blistering occurs

    2. There is extreme pain

    3. Any loss of sensation

    4. Burnt on the face, eyes, hands, or feet

    5. There’s any smoke inhalation from the fire exposure

    6. A burn does not appear to heal normal

    For more information of fire safety and prevention and statistics, visit the U.S. Fire Administration: Working for a Fire-Safe America.

    JMurrell writes on behalf of California burn lawyers of Liljegren Law Group and Safer-America.

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  • Burn Care

    Here we are at the end of Burn Awareness Week. We've discuss the importance of  Keeping Your Family Safe and provided a Checklist To Prevent Scald Burns and other burn avoidance tips, we explained how seniors and children are at the highest risk of scalds injuries, and even looked at Cooking Safety tips to avoid these injuries in the kitchen.

    Now what do you do if you get scalded or burnt despite good precautionary measures?

    Read Burn First Aid – What to put on a burn & How to treat burns to learn what to to.

    Burn Care

    Burn Safety Supplies Burn Safety Supplies

    Burns happen unexpectedly and abruptly; they need to be treated promptly! Our Burn Care supplies and kits are designed to treat a variety of burns, effective, and fast-acting. Prepare yourself for these injuries so that you can jump-start the healing process before medical professionals can provide aid.

  • Cooking Safety for Older Adults

    After Children, Seniors are the group that suffer the most scald injuries and Emergency Room visits resultant thereof. For Burn Awareness Week, we'd like to share some Kitchen Tips for avoiding these painful and dangerous burns:Cooking


    • Use oven mitts, not towels, to handle hot pots and pans
    • Use caution when cooking with grease – keep burner on a low to medium setting and keep a pan lid in reach
    • Make sure smoke alarms are in place on each level of your home and replace batteries every 6 months
    • Have an escape plan if fire breaks out in the home – “two ways out” should always be available
    • Have Burn First Aid Supplies, or a Burn First Aid Kit in the Kitchen



    • Wear clothing with loose or large sleeves while cooking
    • Leave food cooking on the stove unattended
    • Pour water on a grease fire – use a lid to smother the flames
    • Cook when you are sleepy or have taken medications that make you drowsy
    • Ever heat your home using the warmth from a kitchen oven or stove

    The fact is that Older Adults are at higher risk of suffering an injury from burns. Adults ages 65+ are twice as likely to die in home fires, and Adults 85+ years are four times more likely to die from a burn injury.

    If a burn injury does happen...

    1. Cool the burn with COOL (not cold, and never ice) water to stop the burning process
    2. Remove all clothing and jewelry from the injured area
    3. Apply an FDA approved burn remedy if available, but never a greasy or oily ointment, nor any "home remedies" like butter which can seal in the heat, and create more damage
    4. Cover the area with clean dry sheet or bandages
    5. Seek medical attention
  • More scald and burn avoidance tips...

    As we near the end of Burn Awareness Week, we want to cover a few more general Burn Safety Tips - we have covered scalds, and specifics issues for children and older adults... here are some good general tips:

    Every year in the US 450,000 people receive medical treatment for burn injuries.

    Did you know? Tap water scalds are often more severe than cooking related scalds. But while cooking related scalds may cover a smaller surface area of skin than tap water scalds, they are often deeper burns

    Scald burns can result in immense pain, prolonged treatment, lifelong scarring, and even death.

    During mealtime, always place hot items in the center of the table away from the edge to prevent spilling hot liquids and food.

    To avoid scald burns while bathing, fill the tub to you desired level and turn water off before getting in. Run cool water first, and then add hot.  Turn hot water off first.  This can also prevent scalding in the event someone should fall in while the tub is filling.

    Steam reaching temperatures greater than 200°F builds rapidly in covered containers. When removing lids from hot foods, lift the cover or lid away from your face and arms to avoid burns from steam contact.

    If you can’t stand the heat, get out of the kitchen. 85-90% of scald burns are from cooking, drinking, or serving hot liquids

    ScaldSpills from coffee and other hot beverages can cause burns serious enough to require skin graft surgery... It takes only one second to get a third degree burn from coffee!

    It takes only 2 seconds of exposure to 148°F/64°C water to cause a burn serious enough to require surgery! Coffee is often served at 175°F/79°C, making it high-risk for causing immediate severe scald burns.

    A safe temperature for a bath is 100°F. Although the most common maximum temperature of water delivered by residential water heaters is 120°F, 120°F is an upper safety limit—not a target to be aimed at. At 120°F, it takes only 5 minutes of exposure for adults to have a full thickness burn. Save your skin and wallet by setting your water thermostat at a lower temperature.

    It can happen in a flash with a splash. Hot liquid and steam burn like fire. Learn more at http://flashsplash.org

    Also read: Burns? 5 Easy StepsTypes of Burns, & Burn First Aid – What to put on a burn & How to treat burns

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