Burns

A burn is an injury to the skin or other organic tissue primarily caused by heat or due to radiation, radioactivity, electricity, friction or contact with chemicals. Skin injuries due to ultraviolet radiation, radioactivity, electricity or chemicals, as well as respiratory damage resulting from smoke inhalation, are also considered to be burns.

Burn First Aid - What to put on a burn & How to treat burns

General Information

  • Burns can result from heat (thermal burn), electrical, or exposure to chemicals.
  • The majority of burns should be seen by a doctor. Some first-degree burns, such as mild sun burn, can be treated without doctor care.
  • Never apply home remedies such as butter or baking soda to a burn. Many ointments and home remedies applied topically actually trap the heat, causing further damage to the burned area and can lead to infection.
  • First Aid treatment for burns should focus on keeping the burned area clean, preventing and/or treatment for shock, and pain control.
  • Severe burns (second and third degree burns) often lead to shock. Shock is a life-threatening condition and should be addressed immediately. Call 9-1-1 if you suspect the casualty is experiencing shock.
    • Symptoms of shock include cold, clammy skin, pale or gray skin color, nausea, vomiting, and/or shallow, rapid breathing.

Burn Treatment

Severe Thermal Burns

  • Call 9-1-1 or EMS if the burn is severe.
  • Cool the burned area by immersing in cool, clean water for at least 15 minutes.
  • Apply a clean, sterile dressing over the burned area(s) to protect from infection.
  • Keep the casualty calm and still while you wait for EMS to arrive.
  • If possible, elevate the burned area to help prevent swelling and pain, but only do so if it does not cause further discomfort to the casualty.

Mild Thermal Burns

  • Cool the burned area by immersing in cool, clean water for at least 15 minutes.
  • Do not break blisters or rub skin.
  • Place a dry, sterile dressing over the burn area to keep clean.

Chemical Burns

  • Call 9-1-1 or EMS immediately.
  • Gently brush away any excess powdered chemicals from the skin, being careful not to get the chemical on you or elsewhere on the casualty. Be especially careful of the eye area.
  • Immediately flush the remaining chemicals off the burned area with copious amounts of running water for at least 15-20 minutes. Use a shower, hose or any available water faucet. Continue to flush with water while carefully removing any clothing from the burned area.
  • Place a clean, sterile dressing over the burn area.
  • Burns from various chemicals require specific first aid care. Check the Material Safety Data Sheet and/or product label for treatment recommendations. Give these MSDS instructions to Emergency Medical Personnel when they arrive.

Globally, burns are a serious public health problem. An estimated 195 000 deaths occur each year from fires alone, with more deaths from scalds, electrical burns, and other forms of burns, for which global data are not available. Fire-related deaths alone rank among the 15 leading causes of death among children and young adults 5-29 years. Over 95% of fatal fire-related burns occur in low- and middle-income countries. South-East Asia alone accounts for just over one-half of the total number of fire-related deaths worldwide and females in this region have the highest fire-related burn mortality rates globally. Among the various age groups, children under 5 years and the elderly (i.e. those aged over 70 years) have the highest fire-related burn mortality rates. In addition to those who die, millions more are left with lifelong disabilities and disfigurements, often with resulting stigma and rejection.

 Burn Care When a burn occurs, seconds count. we carry numerous products that are effective, versatile and approved for emergency first aid burn treatment in a pre-hospital setting. They stop the burn progression, cool the burned area, relieve pain and prevent further injury.
Burn Care
When a burn occurs, seconds count. we carry numerous products that are effective, versatile and approved for emergency first aid burn treatment in a pre-hospital setting. They stop the burn progression, cool the burned area, relieve pain and prevent further injury.

The suffering caused by burns is even more tragic as burns are so eminently preventable. High-income countries have made considerable progress in lowering rates of burn deaths, through combination of proven prevention strategies and through improvements in the care of burn victims. Most of these advances in prevention and care have been incompletely applied in low- and middle-income countries. Increased efforts to do so would likely lead to significant reductions in rates of burn-related death and disability.

Burn Care

When a burn occurs, seconds count. we carry numerous products that are effective, versatile and approved for emergency first aid burn treatment in a pre-hospital setting. They stop the burn progression, cool the burned area, relieve pain and prevent further injury.

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